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留学生管理制度

中华人民共和国出境入境管理法

发布者:系统管理员发布时间:2015-12-01浏览次数:833

中华人民共和国出境入境管理法
Exit and Entry Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China

(2012年6月30日第十一届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十七次会议于通过,2012年6月30日中华人民共和国主席令第五十七号公布,自2013年7月1日起施行。)
(Adopted at the 27th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National Peoples Congress, promulgated by Order No. 57 of the President of the Peoples Republic of China on June 30, 2012, and effective as of July 1, 2013)
第一章 总 则
Chapter I General Provisions
第一条 为了规范出境入境管理,维护中华人民共和国的主权、安全和社会秩序,促进对外交往和对外开放,制定本法。
Article 1 In order to regulate exit/entry administration, safeguard the sovereignty, security and social order of the People’s Republic of China, and promote foreign exchanges and opening to the outside world, this Law is hereby formulated.
第二条 中国公民出境入境、外国人入境出境、外国人在中国境内停留居留的管理,以及交通运输工具出境入境的边防检查,适用本法。
Article 2 This Law is applicable to the administration of exit and entry of Chinese citizens, entry and exit of foreigners, stay and residence of foreigners in China, and the exit/entry border inspection of transport vehicles.
第三条 国家保护中国公民出境入境合法权益。
Article 3 The State protects Chinese citizens’ legitimate rights and interests of exiting and entering the country.
在中国境内的外国人的合法权益受法律保护。在中国境内的外国人应当遵守中国法律,不得危害中国国家安全、损害社会公共利益、破坏社会公共秩序。
The legitimate rights and interests of foreigners in China shall be protected by laws. Foreigners in China shall abide by the Chinese laws, and shall not endanger China’s national security, harm public interests and disrupt social and public order.
第四条 公安部、外交部按照各自职责负责有关出境入境事务的管理。
Article 4 The Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall, within the scope of their respective responsibilities, be responsible for administering exit/entry affairs.
中华人民共和国驻外使馆、领馆或者外交部委托的其他驻外机构(以下称驻外签证机关)负责在境外签发外国人入境签证。出入境边防检查机关负责实施出境入境边防检查。县级以上地方人民政府公安机关及其出入境管理机构负责外国人停留居留管理。
Embassies and consulates of the People’s Republic of China and other institutions stationed abroad entrusted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter referred to as “the visa-issuing authorities abroad”) shall be responsible for issuance of entry visas to foreigners. Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall be responsible for carrying out exit/entry border inspection. Public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level and their exit/entry administrations shall be responsible for the administration of the stay and residence of foreigners.
公安部、外交部可以在各自职责范围内委托县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构、县级以上地方人民政府外事部门受理外国人入境、停留居留申请。
The Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may, within the scope of their respective responsibilities, entrust exit/entry administrations of public security organs or foreign affairs departments under local people’s governments at or above the county level to accept foreigners’applications for entry, stay and residence in China.
公安部、外交部在出境入境事务管理中,应当加强沟通配合,并与国务院有关部门密切合作,按照各自职责分工,依法行使职权,承担责任。
In the administration of exit/entry affairs, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall strengthen communication and cooperation, cooperate closely with relevant departments under the State Council, and exercise functions and powers and bear liabilities within the scope of their respective responsibilities in accordance with the law.
第五条 国家建立统一的出境入境管理信息平台,实现有关管理部门信息共享。
Article 5 The State shall establish a uniform exit/entry administration information platform to share information among relevant administrative departments.
第六条 国家在对外开放的口岸设立出入境边防检查机关。
Article 6 The State shall establish exit/entry border inspection authorities at the ports open to foreign countries.
中国公民、外国人以及交通运输工具应当从对外开放的口岸出境入境,特殊情况下,可以从国务院或者国务院授权的部门批准的地点出境入境。出境入境人员和交通运输工具应当接受出境入境边防检查。
Chinese citizens, foreigners as well as transport vehicles shall exit or enter China via the ports open to foreign countries, or via the places approved by the State Council or by the departments authorized by the State Council under special circumstances. Personnel and transport vehicles that exit or enter China shall be subject to exit/entry border inspection.
出入境边防检查机关负责对口岸限定区域实施管理。根据维护国家安全和出境入境管理秩序的需要,出入境边防检查机关可以对出境入境人员携带的物品实施边防检查。必要时,出入境边防检查机关可以对出境入境交通运输工具载运的货物实施边防检查,但是应当通知海关。
Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall be responsible for relevant administration work in the restricted zones of ports. On the basis of the need for safeguarding national security and maintaining the order of exit/entry administration, exit/entry border inspection authorities may conduct border inspection on the belongings of the persons who exit or enter China. When necessary, exit/entry border inspection authorities may conduct border inspection on the goods carried by transport vehicles that exit or enter China. However, exit/entry border inspection authorities shall notify the Customs of such inspections.
第七条 经国务院批准,公安部、外交部根据出境入境管理的需要,可以对留存出境入境人员的指纹等人体生物识别信息作出规定。
Article 7 Upon approval by the State Council, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may, on the basis of the need for exit/entry administration, set forth regulations on the collection and keep of fingerprints and other biometric identification information of the persons who exit or enter China.
外国政府对中国公民签发签证、出境入境管理有特别规定的,中国政府可以根据情况采取相应的对等措施。
Where foreign governments have special regulations on issuing visas to Chinese citizens or the exit/entry administration of Chinese citizens, the Chinese government may, as the circumstances require, take corresponding and equivalent measures.
第八条 履行出境入境管理职责的部门和机构应当切实采取措施,不断提升服务和管理水平,公正执法,便民高效,维护安全、便捷的出境入境秩序。
Article 8 Departments and institutions that are responsible for the exit/entry administration shall take practical measures, constantly improve service and administration, enforce laws impartially, provide convenient and efficient service and ensure the security and conveyance of the exit/entry procedures.
第二章 中国公民出境入境
Chapter II Exit and Entry of Chinese Citizens
第九条 中国公民出境入境,应当依法申请办理护照或者其他旅行证件。
Article 9 Chinese citizens who exit or enter China shall, in accordance with the law, apply for passports or other travel documents.
中国公民前往其他国家或者地区,还需要取得前往国签证或者其他入境许可证明。但是,中国政府与其他国家政府签订互免签证协议或者公安部、外交部另有规定的除外。
Chinese citizens bound for other countries or regions shall obtain visas or other entry permits from destination countries, unless the Chinese government has signed visa exemption agreements with the governments of those countries, or otherwise stipulated by the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
中国公民以海员身份出境入境和在国外船舶上从事工作的,应当依法申请办理海员证。
Chinese citizens who exit or enter China as seamen or work on foreign ships shall apply for seamen’s certificates in accordance with the law.
第十条 中国公民往来内地与香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区,中国公民往来大陆与台湾地区,应当依法申请办理通行证件,并遵守本法有关规定。具体管理办法由国务院规定。
Article 10 Chinese citizens who travel between the Mainland and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, between the Mainland and the Macao Special Administrative Region, and between the Mainland and Taiwan Region, shall apply for exit/entry permits in accordance with the law, and abide by the relevant provisions of this Law. The specific administrative measures shall be stipulated by the State Council.
第十一条 中国公民出境入境,应当向出入境边防检查机关交验本人的护照或者其他旅行证件等出境入境证件,履行规定的手续,经查验准许,方可出境入境。
Article 11 Chinese citizens who exit or enter China shall submit their exit/entry documents such as passports or other travel documents to the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, go through the prescribed formalities, and may exit or enter upon examination and approval.
具备条件的口岸,出入境边防检查机关应当为中国公民出境入境提供专用通道等便利措施。
For ports that meet relevant conditions, exit/entry border inspection authorities shall provide convenience such as special lanes for the exit and entry of Chinese citizens.
第十二条 中国公民有下列情形之一的,不准出境:
Article 12 Under any of the following circumstances, Chinese citizens are not allowed to exit China:
(一)未持有效出境入境证件或者拒绝、逃避接受边防检查的;
(1) Hold no valid exit/entry documents, or refuse or evade border inspection;
(二)被判处刑罚尚未执行完毕或者属于刑事案件被告人、犯罪嫌疑人的;
(2) Are sentenced to criminal punishments, the execution of which have not been completed, or are suspects or defendants in criminal cases;
(三)有未了结的民事案件,人民法院决定不准出境的;
(3) Are involved in unsettled civil cases and not allowed to exit China upon decision of the people’s courts;
(四)因妨害国(边)境管理受到刑事处罚或者因非法出境、非法居留、非法就业被其他国家或者地区遣返,未满不准出境规定年限的;
(4) Are subject to criminal punishment for impairing border administration, or are repatriated by other countries or regions due to illegal exit from China, illegal residence or illegal employment, and the No-Exit-from-China period has not expired;
(五)可能危害国家安全和利益,国务院有关主管部门决定不准出境的;
(5) May endanger national security or interests, and are not allowed to exit China upon decision by competent departments under the State Council; or
(六)法律、行政法规规定不准出境的其他情形。
(6) Other circumstances in which exit from China is not allowed in accordance with laws or administrative regulations.
第十三条 定居国外的中国公民要求回国定居的,应当在入境前向中华人民共和国驻外使馆、领馆或者外交部委托的其他驻外机构提出申请,也可以由本人或者经由国内亲属向拟定居地的县级以上地方人民政府侨务部门提出申请。
Article 13 Chinese citizens residing abroad who desire to return to China for permanent residence shall, prior to the entry, file applications with Chinese embassies or consulates or other institutions stationed abroad entrusted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They may also file such applications to the overseas Chinese affairs departments under the local people’s governments at or above the county level of the proposed places of permanent residence on their own or via their relatives in China.
第十四条 定居国外的中国公民在中国境内办理金融、教育、医疗、交通、电信、社会保险、财产登记等事务需要提供身份证明的,可以凭本人的护照证明其身份。
Article 14 When handling financial affairs or affairs involving education, medical treatment, transportation, telecommunications, social insurance or property registration, where identity certificates are required, Chinese citizens residing abroad may provide their passports for proof of identity.
第三章 外国人入境出境
Chapter III Entry and Exit of Foreigners
第一节 签 证
Section 1 Visa
第十五条 外国人入境,应当向驻外签证机关申请办理签证,但是本法另有规定的除外。
Article 15 In order to entering China, foreigners shall apply to the visa-issuing authorities stationed abroad for a visa, except as otherwise provided for in this Law.
第十六条 签证分为外交签证、礼遇签证、公务签证、普通签证。
Article 16 Visas are categorized as diplomatic visa, courtesy visa, official visa and ordinary visa.
对因外交、公务事由入境的外国人,签发外交、公务签证;对因身份特殊需要给予礼遇的外国人,签发礼遇签证。外交签证、礼遇签证、公务签证的签发范围和签发办法由外交部规定。
Diplomatic or official visas shall be issued to foreigners who enter China for diplomatic or official reasons; and courtesy visas shall be issued to foreigners who are given courtesy due to their special status. The scope and measures for issuing diplomatic, courtesy and official visas shall be stipulated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
对因工作、学习、探亲、旅游、商务活动、人才引进等非外交、公务事由入境的外国人,签发相应类别的普通签证。普通签证的类别和签发办法由国务院规定。
Appropriate types of ordinary visa shall be issued to foreigners who enter China due to non-diplomatic or official reasons including work, study, family visit, travel, business activities and talent introduction. The types of ordinary visa and relevant issuance measures shall be stipulated by the State Council.
第十七条 签证的登记项目包括:签证种类,持有人姓名、性别、出生日期、入境次数、入境有效期、停留期限,签发日期、地点,护照或者其他国际旅行证件号码等。
Article 17 The registered items of a visa shall include visa type, name, ***, date of birth, number of allowed entries, validity period of entry and duration of stay of the holder, date and place of issuance, as well as passport number or other international travel documents number.
第十八条 外国人申请办理签证,应当向驻外签证机关提交本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,以及申请事由的相关材料,按照驻外签证机关的要求办理相关手续、接受面谈。
Article 18 Foreigners who apply for visas shall submit their passports or other international travel documents, as well as information of specific application matters, to the visa-issuing authorities stationed abroad. They shall go through relevant formalities and accept interviews in accordance with the requirements of the visa-issuing authorities stationed abroad.
第十九条 外国人申请办理签证需要提供中国境内的单位或者个人出具的邀请函件的,申请人应当按照驻外签证机关的要求提供。出具邀请函件的单位或者个人应当对邀请内容的真实性负责。
Article 19 Where foreigners applying for visas need to provide written invitations issued by entities or individuals within China, the applicants shall provide such invitations in accordance with the requirements of the visa-issuing authorities abroad. Entities or individuals that issue written invitations shall be liable for the fidelity of the contents.
第二十条 出于人道原因需要紧急入境,应邀入境从事紧急商务、工程抢修或者具有其他紧急入境需要并持有有关主管部门同意在口岸申办签证的证明材料的外国人,可以在国务院批准办理口岸签证业务的口岸,向公安部委托的口岸签证机关(以下简称口岸签证机关)申请办理口岸签证。
Article 20 Foreigners who need to enter China urgently for humanitarian reasons, or are invited to enter China for urgent business or rush repair work, or have other urgent needs, and hold materials that prove the competent departments’ approval of their applying for visas at port, may apply for port visas with the visa-issuing authorities entrusted by the Ministry of Public Security at the ports (hereinafter referred to as “port visa authorities”) which are approved to issue port visas by the State Council.
旅行社按照国家有关规定组织入境旅游的,可以向口岸签证机关申请办理团体旅游签证。
Travel agencies that organize inbound tourism in accordance with relevant State regulations may apply for group tourist visas from port visa authorities.
外国人向口岸签证机关申请办理签证,应当提交本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,以及申请事由的相关材料,按照口岸签证机关的要求办理相关手续,并从申请签证的口岸入境。
Foreigners who apply to port visa authorities for visas shall submit their passports or other international travel documents, as well as relevant information of specific application matters. They shall go through relevant formalities in accordance with the requirements of the port visa authorities, and enter China at the ports where they apply for visas.
口岸签证机关签发的签证一次入境有效,签证注明的停留期限不得超过三十日。
Visas issued by port visa authorities shall be single entry and the duration of stay shall not exceed 30 days.
第二十一条 外国人有下列情形之一的,不予签发签证:
Article 21 Under any of the following circumstances, visas shall not be issued to foreigners:
(一)被处驱逐出境或者被决定遣送出境,未满不准入境规定年限的;
(1) Was deported, or was repatriated upon decision, and the No-Entry-into-China period has not expired;
(二)患有严重精神障碍、传染性肺结核病或者有可能对公共卫生造成重大危害的其他传染病的;
(2) Is suffering from serious mental disorders, infectious tuberculosis or other infectious diseases that may severely jeopardize the public health;
(三)可能危害中国国家安全和利益、破坏社会公共秩序或者从事其他违法犯罪活动的;
(3) May endanger China’s national security or interests, or disrupt social and public order, or engage in other illegal or criminal activities;
(四)在申请签证过程中弄虚作假或者不能保障在中国境内期间所需费用的;
(4) Resort to fraudulent acts in visa application or cannot guarantee expected expenditures during their stay in China;
(五)不能提交签证机关要求提交的相关材料的;
(5) Fail to submit relevant information required by the visa-issuing authorities;or
(六)签证机关认为不宜签发签证的其他情形。
(6) Other circumstances in which visa authorities consider a visa should not be issued.
对不予签发签证的,签证机关可以不说明理由。
The visa-issuing authorities are not required to give reasons for refusing the issuance of a visa.
第二十二条 外国人有下列情形之一的,可以免办签证:
Article 22 Under any of the following circumstances, foreigners may be exempt from applying for visas:
(一)根据中国政府与其他国家政府签订的互免签证协议,属于免办签证人员的;
(1) So exempted based on the visa exemption agreements signed by the Chinese government with the governments of other countries;
(二)持有效的外国人居留证件的;
(2) Hold valid foreigners’ residence permits;
(三)持联程客票搭乘国际航行的航空器、船舶、列车从中国过境前往第三国或者地区,在中国境内停留不超过二十四小时且不离开口岸,或者在国务院批准的特定区域内停留不超过规定时限的;
(3) Hold connected passenger tickets and are in transit to a third country or region by an international aircraft, ship or train via China, will stay for not more than 24 hours in China without leaving the port of entry, or will stay in the specific zones approved by the State Council within the prescribed time limit; or
(四)国务院规定的可以免办签证的其他情形。
(4) Other circumstances stipulated by the State Council in which visas may be exempted.
第二十三条 有下列情形之一的外国人需要临时入境的,应当向出入境边防检查机关申请办理临时入境手续:
Article 23 Where foreigners under any of the following circumstances need to enter China temporarily, they shall apply to exit/entry border inspection agencies for going through the formalities for temporary entry:
(一)外国船员及其随行家属登陆港口所在城市的;
(1) Foreign seamen and their accompanying family members disembark at cities where the ports are located;
(二)本法第二十二条第三项规定的人员需要离开口岸的;
(2) Persons specified in Subparagraph (3) of Article 22 of this Law need to leave ports; or
(三)因不可抗力或者其他紧急原因需要临时入境的。
(3) Foreigners need to enter China temporarily due to force majeure or for any other urgent reason..
临时入境的期限不得超过十五日。
The duration of stay for temporary entry shall not exceed 15 days.
对申请办理临时入境手续的外国人,出入境边防检查机关可以要求外国人本人、载运其入境的交通运输工具的负责人或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位提供必要的保证措施。
For foreigners who apply for going through the formalities for temporary entry, exit/entry border inspection authorities may require such foreigners, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles used for such foreigners’ entry or the agencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles to provide necessary guaranty measures.
临时入境的期限不得超过十五日。
The duration of stay for temporary entry shall not exceed 15 days.
对申请办理临时入境手续的外国人,出入境边防检查机关可以要求外国人本人、载运其入境的交通运输工具的负责人或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位提供必要的保证措施。
For foreigners who apply for going through the formalities for temporary entry, exit/entry border inspection authorities may require such foreigners, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles used for such foreigners’ entry or the agencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles to provide necessary guaranty measures.
第二节 入境出境
Section 2 Entry and Exit
第二十四条 外国人入境,应当向出入境边防检查机关交验本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件、签证或者其他入境许可证明,履行规定的手续,经查验准许,方可入境。
Article 24 Foreigners who enter China shall submit their passports, other international travel documents, visas or other entry permits to the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, go through the prescribed formalities, and may enter upon examination and approval.
第二十五条 外国人有下列情形之一的,不准入境:
Article 25 Under any of the following circumstances, foreigners shall not be allowed to enter China:
(一)未持有效出境入境证件或者拒绝、逃避接受边防检查的;
(1) Hold no valid exit/entry documents, or refuse or evade border inspection;
(二)具有本法第二十一条第一款第一项至第四项规定情形的;
(2) Are involved in any of the circumstances specified in Subparagraph (1) through (4) of the first paragraph of Article 21 of this Law;
(三)入境后可能从事与签证种类不符的活动的;
(3) May engage in activities not conform to the types of visa after entering China; or
(四)法律、行政法规规定不准入境的其他情形。
(4) Other circumstances in which entry is not allowed in accordance with laws or administrative regulations.
对不准入境的,出入境边防检查机关可以不说明理由。
Exit/entry border inspection authorities are not required to give reasons for denying an entry.
第二十六条 对未被准许入境的外国人,出入境边防检查机关应当责令其返回;对拒不返回的,强制其返回。外国人等待返回期间,不得离开限定的区域。
Article 26 Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall order foreigners who are denied entry in China to return, and shall force the return of those who refuse to do so. While waiting for return, those foreigners shall not leave the restricted zones.
第二十七条 外国人出境,应当向出入境边防检查机关交验本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件等出境入境证件,履行规定的手续,经查验准许,方可出境。
Article 27 Foreigners who exit China shall submit their exit/entry documents including passports or other international travel documents to the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, go through prescribed formalities, and may exit upon examination and approval.
第二十八条 外国人有下列情形之一的,不准出境:
Article 28 Under any of the following circumstances, foreigners shall not be allowed to exit China:
(一)被判处刑罚尚未执行完毕或者属于刑事案件被告人、犯罪嫌疑人的,但是按照中国与外国签订的有关协议,移管被判刑人的除外;
(1) Are sentenced to criminal punishments, the execution of which are not completed, or suspects or defendants in criminal cases, except those who are sentenced and transferred under relevant agreements between China and foreign countries;
(二)有未了结的民事案件,人民法院决定不准出境的;
(2) Are involved in unsettled civil cases and are not allowed to exit China upon decision of the people’s courts;
(三)拖欠劳动者的劳动报酬,经国务院有关部门或者省、自治区、直辖市人民政府决定不准出境的;
(3) Are in arrears of paying off labor remuneration and therefore are not allowed to exit by decision of the relevant departments under the State Council or of the people’s governments of provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government; or
(四)法律、行政法规规定不准出境的其他情形。
(4) Other circumstances in which exit shall not be allowed in accordance with laws or administrative regulations.
第四章 外国人停留居留
Chapter IV Stay and Residence of Foreigners
第一节 停留居留
Section 1 Stay and Residence
第二十九条 外国人所持签证注明的停留期限不超过一百八十日的,持证人凭签证并按照签证注明的停留期限在中国境内停留。
Article 29 Where the duration of stay specified in a visa held by a foreigner does not exceed 180 days, the holder may stay in China within the duration specified therein.
需要延长签证停留期限的,应当在签证注明的停留期限届满七日前向停留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申请,按照要求提交申请事由的相关材料。经审查,延期理由合理、充分的,准予延长停留期限;不予延长停留期限的,应当按期离境。
Where the duration of stay needs to be extended, the visa holder shall file an application with the exit/entry administration of public security organ under the local people’s government at or above the county level in the place of his stay seven days prior to the expiry of the duration specified in the visa, and shall submit information of specific application matters in accordance with relevant requirements. If upon examination, the reasons for extension are appropriate and sufficient, such extension shall be granted; if an extension is denied, the foreigner shall leave China on the expiry of the duration.
延长签证停留期限,累计不得超过签证原注明的停留期限。
The accumulated length of extension shall not exceed the original duration of stay specified in the visa.
第三十条 外国人所持签证注明入境后需要办理居留证件的,应当自入境之日起三十日内,向拟居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申请办理外国人居留证件。
Article 30 Where visas held by foreigners specify that foreigners need to apply for residence permits after entry, such foreigners shall, within 30 days from the date of their entry, apply to the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level in the proposed places of residence for foreigners’ residence permits.
申请办理外国人居留证件,应当提交本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,以及申请事由的相关材料,并留存指纹等人体生物识别信息。公安机关出入境管理机构应当自收到申请材料之日起十五日内进行审查并作出审查决定,根据居留事由签发相应类别和期限的外国人居留证件。
Applicants for foreigners’ residence permits shall submit their passports or other international travel documents, as well as relevant information of specific application matters, and provide biometric identification information such as fingerprints. The exit/entry administrations of public security organs shall, within 15 days upon the date of receipt, conduct examination and make a decision thereupon. Based on the purpose of residence, those administrations shall issue the appropriate types of foreigners’residence permits with the duration.
外国人工作类居留证件的有效期最短为九十日,最长为五年;非工作类居留证件的有效期最短为一百八十日,最长为五年。
The validity period of a foreigner’s work-type residence permit shall be 90 days at the minimum and five years at the maximum; and the validity period of a non-work-type foreigner’s residence permit shall be 180 days at the minimum and five years at the maximum.
第三十一条 外国人有下列情形之一的,不予签发外国人居留证件:
Article 31 Under any of the following circumstances, a foreigner’s residence permit shall not be issued:
(一)所持签证类别属于不应办理外国人居留证件的;
(1) The visa held does not belong to the type for which a foreigner’s residence permit should be issued;
(二)在申请过程中弄虚作假的;
(2) Resorts to fraudulent acts in application;
(三)不能按照规定提供相关证明材料的;
(3) Fails to provide relevant supporting materials in accordance with relevant regulations;
(四)违反中国有关法律、行政法规,不适合在中国境内居留的;
(4) Is not eligible to reside in China because of violation of relevant Chinese laws or administrative regulations; or
(五)签发机关认为不宜签发外国人居留证件的其他情形。
(5) Other circumstances in which the issuing authority considers a foreigner’s residence permit should not be issued.
符合国家规定的专门人才、投资者或者出于人道等原因确需由停留变更为居留的外国人,经设区的市级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构批准可以办理外国人居留证件。
Foreigners with expertise and foreign investors who conform to relevant State regulations or foreigners who need to change their status from stay to residence for humanitarian or other reasons, may undergo the formalities for obtaining foreigner’s residence permits upon approval by the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the city with districts.
第三十二条 在中国境内居留的外国人申请延长居留期限的,应当在居留证件有效期限届满三十日前向居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构提出申请,按照要求提交申请事由的相关材料。经审查,延期理由合理、充分的,准予延长居留期限;不予延长居留期限的,应当按期离境。
Article 32 Foreigners residing in China who apply for the extension of the duration of residence shall, within 30 days prior to the expiry of the validity period on their residence permits, file applications with the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level, and submit relevant information of specific application matters in accordance with relevant requirements. If upon examination, the reasons for extension are appropriate and sufficient, an extension shall be granted; if an extension is denied, the foreigner concerned shall leave China on the expiry of the validity period specified in their residence permits.
第三十三条 外国人居留证件的登记项目包括:持有人姓名、性别、出生日期、居留事由、居留期限,签发日期、地点,护照或者其他国际旅行证件号码等。
Article 33 The registered items of a foreign residence permit shall include name, ***, date of birth, reason for residence and duration of residence of the holder, date and place of issuance, passport number or other international travel documents number.
外国人居留证件登记事项发生变更的,持证件人应当自登记事项发生变更之日起十日内向居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申请办理变更。
Where the registered item in a foreigner’s residence permit has changed, the holder shall, within 10 days from the date of change, apply to the exit/entry administration of public security organ under the local people’s government at or above the county level in the place of residence for going through the formalities for alteration.
第三十四条 免办签证入境的外国人需要超过免签期限在中国境内停留的,外国船员及其随行家属在中国境内停留需要离开港口所在城市,或者具有需要办理外国人停留证件其他情形的,应当按照规定办理外国人停留证件。
Article 34 Where visa-exempt foreigners need to stay in China longer than the visa-free period, or foreign seamen and their accompanying family members need to leave the cities where the ports are located, or under other circumstances in which foreigners’stay permits should be applied for, they shall apply for such permits in accordance with relevant regulations.
外国人停留证件的有效期最长为一百八十日。
The maximum validity period of a foreigner’s stay permit shall be 180 days.
第三十五条 外国人入境后,所持的普通签证、停留居留证件损毁、遗失、被盗抢或者有符合国家规定的事由需要换发、补发的,应当按照规定向停留居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构提出申请。
Article 35 Where ordinary visas, stay or residence permits held by foreigners need to be reissued due to damage, loss, theft, robbery or other reasons in compliance with relevant State regulations after foreigners enter China, those foreigners shall apply for a reissue with the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level in the places of stay or residence in accordance with relevant regulations.
第三十六条 公安机关出入境管理机构作出的不予办理普通签证延期、换发、补发,不予办理外国人停留居留证件、不予延长居留期限的决定为最终决定。
Article 36 Decisions made by the exit/entry administration of public security organ on rejecting applications for visa extension or reissuance, or on not issuing foreigners’ stay or residence permits or not extending the duration of residence shall be final.
第三十七条 外国人在中国境内停留居留,不得从事与停留居留事由不相符的活动,并应当在规定的停留居留期限届满前离境。
Article 37 Foreigners who stay or reside in China shall not engage in activities not corresponding to the purpose of stay or residence, and shall leave China prior to the expiry of the prescribed duration of stay or residence.
第三十八条 年满十六周岁的外国人在中国境内停留居留,应当随身携带本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,或者外国人停留居留证件,接受公安机关的查验。
Article 38 Foreigners having reached the age of 16 who stay or reside in China shall carry with them their passports or other international travel documents, or foreigners’ stay or residence permits, and accept the inspection of public security organs.
在中国境内居留的外国人,应当在规定的时间内到居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关交验外国人居留证件。
Foreigners who reside in China shall, within the prescribed time limit, submit foreigners’ residence permits to public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level in the places of residence for examination.
第三十九条 外国人在中国境内旅馆住宿的,旅馆应当按照旅馆业治安管理的有关规定为其办理住宿登记,并向所在地公安机关报送外国人住宿登记信息。
Article 39 Where foreigners stay in hotels in China, the hotels shall register their accommodation in accordance with the regulations on the public security administration of the hotel industry, and submit foreigners’ accommodation registration information to the public security organs in the places where the hotels are located.
外国人在旅馆以外的其他住所居住或者住宿的,应当在入住后二十四小时内由本人或者留宿人,向居住地的公安机关办理登记。
For foreigners who reside or stay in domiciles other than hotels, they or the persons who accommodate them shall, within 24 hours after the foreigners’ arrival, go through the registration formalities with the public security organs in the places of residence.
第四十条 在中国境内出生的外国婴儿,其父母或者代理人应当在婴儿出生六十日内,持该婴儿的出生证明到父母停留居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构为其办理停留或者居留登记。
Article 40 For foreign infants born in China, their parents or agents shall, within 60 days after they are born, on the strength of the birth certificates, go through the formalities for stay or residence registration for them with the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under people’s governments at or above the county level in the places of their parents’ stay or residence.
外国人在中国境内死亡的,其家属、监护人或者代理人,应当按照规定,持该外国人的死亡证明向县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申报,注销外国人停留居留证件。
For foreigners who decease in China, their relatives, guardians or agents shall, in accordance with relevant regulations, on the strength of the death certificates, report their death to the exit/entry administrations of the public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level to cancel their stay or residence permits.
第四十一条 外国人在中国境内工作,应当按照规定取得工作许可和工作类居留证件。任何单位和个人不得聘用未取得工作许可和工作类居留证件的外国人。
Article 41 Foreigners who work in China shall obtain work permits and work-type residence permits in accordance with relevant regulations. No entities or individuals shall employ foreigners who have no work permits or work-type residence permits.
外国人在中国境内工作管理办法由国务院规定。
The administrative measures for foreigners working in China shall be stipulated by the State Council.
第四十二条 国务院人力资源社会保障主管部门、外国专家主管部门会同国务院有关部门根据经济社会发展需要和人力资源供求状况制定并定期调整外国人在中国境内工作指导目录。
Article 42 The competent department of human resources and social security and the competent department in charge of foreign experts affairs under the State Council shall, in conjunction with relevant departments under the State Council, formulate and regularly adjust the guiding catalogue for foreigners working in China based on the needs for economic and social development as well as the supply and demand of human resources.
国务院教育主管部门会同国务院有关部门建立外国留学生勤工助学管理制度,对外国留学生勤工助学的岗位范围和时限作出规定。
The competent department of education under the State Council shall, in conjunction with relevant departments under the State Council, establish an administrative system for foreign students working to support their study in China and set forth regulations on the scope of jobs and the limit of work time for such foreign students.
第四十三条 外国人有下列行为之一的,属于非法就业:
Article 43 Any of the following acts of foreigners shall be deemed unlawful employment:
(一)未按照规定取得工作许可和工作类居留证件在中国境内工作的;
(1) Work in China without obtaining work permits or work-type residence permits in accordance with relevant regulations;
(二)超出工作许可限定范围在中国境内工作的;
(2) Work in China beyond the scope prescribed in the work permits; or
(三)外国留学生违反勤工助学管理规定,超出规定的岗位范围或者时限在中国境内工作的。
(3) Foreign students work in violation of the regulations on the administration of foreign students working to support their study in China and work beyond the prescribed scope of jobs or prescribed time limit.
第四十四条 根据维护国家安全、公共安全的需要,公安机关、国家安全机关可以限制外国人、外国机构在某些地区设立居住或者办公场所;对已经设立的,可以限期迁离。
Article 44 On the basis of the need for maintaining national security and public security, public security organs and national security organs may impose restrictions on foreigners and foreign institutions from establishing places of residence or work in certain areas; and may order that established places of residence or work be relocated within a prescribed time limit.
未经批准,外国人不得进入限制外国人进入的区域。
Without approval, foreigners shall not access foreigner-restricted areas.
第四十五条 聘用外国人工作或者招收外国留学生的单位,应当按照规定向所在地公安机关报告有关信息。
Article 45 Entities that employ foreigners or enroll foreign students shall report relevant information to local public security organs in accordance with relevant regulations.
公民、法人或者其他组织发现外国人有非法入境、非法居留、非法就业情形的,应当及时向所在地公安机关报告。
Citizens, legal persons or other organizations who find foreigners illegal enter, reside or work in China shall duly report such matter to the local public security organs.
第四十六条 申请难民地位的外国人,在难民地位甄别期间,可以凭公安机关签发的临时身份证明在中国境内停留;被认定为难民的外国人,可以凭公安机关签发的难民身份证件在中国境内停留居留。
Article 46 Foreigners applying for refugee status may, during the screening process, stay in China on the strength of temporary identity certificates issued by public security organs; foreigners who are recognized as refugees may stay or reside in China on the strength of refugee identity certificates issued by public security organs.
第二节 永久居留
Section 2 Permanent Residence
第四十七条 对中国经济社会发展作出突出贡献或者符合其他在中国境内永久居留条件的外国人,经本人申请和公安部批准,取得永久居留资格。
Article 47 Foreigners who have made remarkable contribution to China’s economic and social development or meet other conditions for permanent residence in China may obtain permanent residence status upon application approved by the Ministry of Public Security.
外国人在中国境内永久居留的审批管理办法由公安部、外交部会同国务院有关部门规定。
The administrative measures for examination and approval of foreigners’ permanent residence in China shall be stipulated by the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in conjunction with relevant departments under the State Council.
第四十八条 取得永久居留资格的外国人,凭永久居留证件在中国境内居留和工作,凭本人的护照和永久居留证件出境入境。
Article 48 Foreigners who have obtained permanent residence status may reside or work in China on the strength of permanent residence permits, and exit or enter China on the strength of their passports and permanent residence permits.
第四十九条 外国人有下列情形之一的,由公安部决定取消其在中国境内永久居留资格:
Article 49 Where foreigners fall under any of the following circumstances, the Ministry of Public Security shall decide to cancel their permanent residence status in China:
(一)对中国国家安全和利益造成危害的;
(1) Endanger China’s national security or interests;
(二)被处驱逐出境的;
(2) Are deported;
(三)弄虚作假骗取在中国境内永久居留资格的;
(3) Obtain permanent residence status in China by fraudulent acts;
(四)在中国境内居留未达到规定时限的;
(4) Fail to reside in China for the prescribed time limit; or
(五)不适宜在中国境内永久居留的其他情形。
(5) Other circumstances in which foreigners are not eligible to reside in China permanently.
第五章 交通运输工具出境入境边防检查
Chapter V Border Inspection of Transport Vehicles Exiting/Entering China
第五十条 出境入境交通运输工具离开、抵达口岸时,应当接受边防检查。对交通运输工具的入境边防检查,在其最先抵达的口岸进行;对交通运输工具的出境边防检查,在其最后离开的口岸进行。特殊情况下,可以在有关主管机关指定的地点进行。
Article 50 Transport vehicles that exit or enter China shall be subject to border inspection when leaving or arriving at ports. Border inspection of entering transport vehicles shall be conducted at the first arriving port in China; border inspection of exiting transport vehicles shall be conducted at the last port when they leave China. Under special circumstances, border inspection may be conducted in places designated by competent authorities.
出境的交通运输工具自出境检查后至出境前,入境的交通运输工具自入境后至入境检查前,未经出入境边防检查机关按照规定程序许可,不得上下人员、装卸货物或者物品。
Without the permission of exit/entry border inspection authorities in accordance with prescribed procedures, transport vehicles that exit China shall not embark or disembark passengers, or load and unload goods or articles between exit inspection and exit, and nor shall transport vehicles that enter China do so between entry and entry inspection.
第五十一条 交通运输工具负责人或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位应当按照规定提前向出入境边防检查机关报告入境、出境的交通运输工具抵达、离开口岸的时间和停留地点,如实申报员工、旅客、货物或者物品等信息。
Article 51 Persons in charge of transport vehicles or agencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles shall, in accordance with relevant regulations, report to the exit/entry border inspection authorities in advance on the entering or exiting transport vehicles’ time of arrival at or departure from the port and the places of stay, and truthfully declare information including staff, passengers, goods and articles.
第五十二条 交通运输工具负责人、交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位应当配合出境入境边防检查,发现违反本法规定行为的,应当立即报告并协助调查处理。
Article 52 Persons in charge of transport vehicles or agencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles shall provide cooperation in exit/entry border inspection, and shall immediately report any violations of this Law found thereby and give assistance in the investigation and handling of such violations.
入境交通运输工具载运不准入境人员的,交通运输工具负责人应当负责载离。
Where transport vehicles that enter China carry persons who are not allowed to enter China, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles shall be responsible for their leaving.
第五十三条 出入境边防检查机关按照规定对处于下列情形之一的出境入境交通运输工具进行监护:
Article 53 Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall supervise transport vehicles that exit or enter China under any of the following circumstances:
(一)出境的交通运输工具在出境边防检查开始后至出境前、入境的交通运输工具在入境后至入境边防检查完成前;
(1) Between exit border inspection and exit for transport vehicles that exit China, and between entry and entry border inspection for transport vehicles that enter China;
(二)外国船舶在中国内河航行期间;
(2) When foreign ships navigate in China’s inland waters; or
(三)有必要进行监护的其他情形。
(3) Other circumstances in which supervision is necessary.
第五十四条 因装卸物品、维修作业、参观访问等事由需要上下外国船舶的人员,应当向出入境边防检查机关申请办理登轮证件。
Article 54 Persons who need to embark on or disembark from foreign ships for reasons such as goods loading or unloading, maintenance operations or visit shall apply to exit/entry border inspection authorities for boarding pass.
中国船舶与外国船舶或者外国船舶之间需要搭*作业的,应当由船长或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位向出入境边防检查机关申请办理船舶搭*手续。
Where a Chinese ship needs to berth alongside a foreign ship, or a foreign ship needs to berth alongside another foreign ship, the captain or the agency handling the exit/entry business for relevant transport vehicles shall apply to the exit/entry border inspection authority for going through formalities for berth.
第五十五条 外国船舶、航空器在中国境内应当按照规定的路线、航线行驶。
Article 55 Foreign ships and aircrafts shall navigate according to prescribed routes.
出境入境的船舶、航空器不得驶入对外开放口岸以外地区。因不可预见的紧急情况或者不可抗力驶入的,应当立即向就近的出入境边防检查机关或者当地公安机关报告,并接受监护和管理。
Ships and aircrafts that exit or enter China shall not access areas outside the ports open to foreign countries. The aforesaid ships or aircrafts that access such areas due to unforeseeable emergencies or force majeure shall immediately report to the nearest exit/entry border inspection authority or local public security organ, and accept supervision and administration.
第五十六条 交通运输工具有下列情形之一的,不准出境入境;已经驶离口岸的,可以责令返回:
Article 56 Under any of the following circumstances, transport vehicles shall be not allowed to exit or enter China; those that have left ports may be ordered to return:
(一)离开、抵达口岸时,未经查验准许擅自出境入境的;
(1) Exit or enter China without examination and approval when leaving or arriving at port;
(二)未经批准擅自改变出境入境口岸的;
(2) Change the port of exit or entry without approval;
(三)涉嫌载有不准出境入境人员,需要查验核实的;
(3) Are suspected of carrying persons who are not allowed to exit or enter China and therefore need to be inspected and verified;
(四)涉嫌载有危害国家安全、利益和社会公共秩序的物品,需要查验核实的;
(4) Are suspected of carrying articles endangering national security or interests or disrupting social or public order and therefore need to be inspected and verified; or
(五)拒绝接受出入境边防检查机关管理的其他情形。
(5) Other circumstances in which transport vehicles refuse to subject themselves to exit/entry border inspection authorities’ administration.
前款所列情形消失后,出入境边防检查机关对有关交通运输工具应当立即放行。
After the circumstances specified in the preceding paragraph disappear, exit/entry border inspection authorities shall immediately release relevant transport vehicles.
第五十七条 从事交通运输工具出境入境业务代理的单位,应当向出入境边防检查机关备案。从事业务代理的人员,由所在单位向出入境边防检查机关办理备案手续。
Article 57 Agencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles shall file records with exit/entry border inspection authorities. For agents engaging in such a business, the entities they work for shall file relevant records for them with exit/entry border inspection authorities.
第六章 调查和遣返
Chapter VI Investigation and Repatriation
第五十八条 本章规定的当场盘问、继续盘问、拘留审查、限制活动范围、遣送出境措施,由县级以上地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关实施。
Article 58 Measures for on-the-spot interrogation, continued interrogation, detention for investigation, movement restriction and repatriation prescribed in this Chapter shall be enforced by public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level or by exit/entry border inspection authorities.
第五十九条 对涉嫌违反出境入境管理的人员,可以当场盘问;经当场盘问,有下列情形之一的,可以依法继续盘问:
Article 59 Persons suspected of violating the regulations on exit/entry administration may be interrogated on the spot; upon on-the-spot interrogation, the aforesaid persons may be interrogated in continuation in accordance with the law under any of the following circumstances:
(一)有非法出境入境嫌疑的;
(1) Are suspected of illegally exiting or entering China;
(二)有协助他人非法出境入境嫌疑的;
(2) Are suspected of assisting others in illegally exiting or entering China;
(三)外国人有非法居留、非法就业嫌疑的;
(3) Are foreigners suspected of illegally residing or working in China; or
(四)有危害国家安全和利益,破坏社会公共秩序或者从事其他违法犯罪活动嫌疑的。
(4) Are suspected of endangering national security or interests, disrupting social or public order, or engaging in other illegal or criminal activities.
当场盘问和继续盘问应当依据《中华人民共和国人民警察法》规定的程序进行。
On-the-spot interrogation and continued interrogation shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the People’s Police Law of the People’s Republic of China.
县级以上地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关需要传唤涉嫌违反出境入境管理的人员的,依照《中华人民共和国治安管理处罚法》的有关规定执行。
Where public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level or exit/entry border inspection authorities need to summon the persons suspected of violating the regulations on exit/entry administration, they shall handle the matter in accordance with the relevant regulations of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Penalties for Administration of Public Security.
第六十条 外国人有本法第五十九条第一款规定情形之一的,经当场盘问或者继续盘问后仍不能排除嫌疑,需要作进一步调查的,可以拘留审查。
Article 60 Where foreigners involved in any of the circumstances specified in the first paragraph of Article 59 of this Law cannot be cleared of suspicion after on-the-spot interrogation or continued interrogation and therefore need to be further investigated, he may be detained for investigation.
实施拘留审查,应当出示拘留审查决定书,并在二十四小时内进行询问。发现不应当拘留审查的,应当立即解除拘留审查。
When detaining a foreigner for investigation, the authority concerned shall present a written decision on detention for investigation and shall interrogate the detained foreigner within 24 hours. Where the aforesaid organ finds that a foreigner should not be detained for investigation, it shall immediately release him from detention for investigation.
拘留审查的期限不得超过三十日;案情复杂的,经上一级地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关批准可以延长至六十日。对国籍、身份不明的外国人,拘留审查期限自查清其国籍、身份之日起计算。
The period of detention for investigation shall not exceed 30 days; for complicated cases, the period may be extended to 60 days upon approval by the public security organs under the local people’s governments at the next higher level or by the exit/entry border inspection authorities at the next higher level. For foreigners whose nationalities and identities are unknown, the period of detention for investigation shall be calculated from the date when their nationalities and identities are found out.
第六十一条 外国人有下列情形之一的,不适用拘留审查,可以限制其活动范围:
Article 61 Under any of the following circumstances, detention for investigation is not applicable to foreigners, however, their movements may be restricted:
(一)患有严重疾病的;
(1) Suffer from serious diseases;
(二)怀孕或者哺乳自己不满一周岁婴儿的;
(2) Are pregnant or breast-feeding their own infants under one year of age;
(三)未满十六周岁或者已满七十周岁的;
(3) Are under 16 years of age or have reached the age of 70; or
(四)不宜适用拘留审查的其他情形。
(4) Other circumstances in which detention for investigation should not be applied.
被限制活动范围的外国人,应当按照要求接受审查,未经公安机关批准,不得离开限定的区域。限制活动范围的期限不得超过六十日。对国籍、身份不明的外国人,限制活动范围期限自查清其国籍、身份之日起计算。
Foreigners whose movements are restricted shall subject themselves to investigation as required, and shall not leave the restricted zones without approval of public security organs. The period of movement restriction shall not exceed 60 days. For foreigners whose nationalities and identities are unknown, the period of movement restriction shall be calculated from the date when their nationalities and identities are found out.
第六十二条 外国人有下列情形之一的,可以遣送出境:
Article 62 Under any of the following circumstances, foreigners may be repatriated:
(一)被处限期出境,未在规定期限内离境的;
(1) Are ordered to exit China within a prescribed time limit but fail to do so;
(二)有不准入境情形的;
(2) Are involved in circumstances in which they are not allowed to enter China;
(三)非法居留、非法就业的;
(3) Illegally reside or work in China; or
(四)违反本法或者其他法律、行政法规需要遣送出境的。
(4) Need to be repatriated for violation of this Law or other laws or administrative regulations.
其他境外人员有前款所列情形之一的,可以依法遣送出境。
Other overseas personnel who fall under any of the circumstances prescribed in the preceding paragraph may be r, epatriated in accordance with the law.
被遣送出境的人员,自被遣送出境之日起一至五年内不准入境。
Repatriated persons shall not be allowed to enter China for one to five years, calculating from the date of repatriation.
第六十三条 被拘留审查或者被决定遣送出境但不能立即执行的人员,应当羁押在拘留所或者遣返场所。
Article 63 Persons who are detained for investigation or who are to be repatriated upon decision but cannot be repatriated promptly shall be held in custody in detention houses or places of repatriation.
第六十四条 外国人对依照本法规定对其实施的继续盘问、拘留审查、限制活动范围、遣送出境措施不服的,可以依法申请行政复议,该行政复议决定为最终决定。
Article 64 Foreigners dissatisfied with the measure imposed on them in accordance with this Law, such as continued interrogation, detention for investigation, movement restriction or repatriation, may apply for administrative reconsideration in accordance with the law, and the administrative reconsideration decision shall be final.
其他境外人员对依照本法规定对其实施的遣送出境措施不服,申请行政复议的,适用前款规定。
Where other overseas personnel dissatisfied with the decision of repatriation imposed on them in accordance with this Law apply for administrative reconsideration, the provisions in the preceding paragraph are applicable.
第六十五条 对依法决定不准出境或者不准入境的人员,决定机关应当按照规定及时通知出入境边防检查机关;不准出境、入境情形消失的,决定机关应当及时撤销不准出境、入境决定,并通知出入境边防检查机关。
Article 65 Where persons are not allowed to exit or enter China upon decisions made in accordance with the law, the decision-making authorities shall duly inform the exit/entry border inspection authorities of such decisions in accordance with relevant regulations; where the circumstances in which the persons are not allowed to exit or enter China disappear, the decision-making authorities shall duly cancel the aforesaid decisions and inform exit/entry border inspection authorities of the cancellation.
第六十六条 根据维护国家安全和出境入境管理秩序的需要,必要时,出入境边防检查机关可以对出境入境的人员进行人身检查。人身检查应当由两名与受检查人同性别的边防检查人员进行。
Article 66 On the basis of the need for safeguarding national security and maintaining the order of exit/entry administration, exit/entry border inspection authorities may, when necessary, search the persons entering and exiting the country. Personal Search shall be conducted by two border inspectors who are the same *** as the persons subject to the search.
第六十七条 签证、外国人停留居留证件等出境入境证件发生损毁、遗失、被盗抢或者签发后发现持证人不符合签发条件等情形的,由签发机关宣布该出境入境证件作废。
Article 67 In such cases that the exit/entry documents such as visas or foreigners’ stay or residence permits are damaged, lost or stolen, or that after the issuance of such documents, the holders are found not eligible for being issued such documents, the issuing authorities shall declare the aforesaid documents void.
伪造、变造、骗取或者被证件签发机关宣布作废的出境入境证件无效。
Exit/entry documents which are forged, altered, obtained by fraudulent means or are declared void by issuing authorities shall be invalid.
公安机关可以对前款规定的或被他人冒用的出境入境证件予以注销或者收缴。
Public security organs may cancel or confiscate the exit/entry documents prescribed in the preceding paragraph or used fraudulently by persons other than the specified holders.
第六十八条 对用于组织、运送、协助他人非法出境入境的交通运输工具,以及需要作为办案证据的物品,公安机关可以扣押。
Article 68 Public security organs may seize the transport vehicles used to organize, transport or assist others in illegally exiting or entering China as well as the articles needed as evidence in handling the cases.
对查获的违禁物品,涉及国家秘密的文件、资料, 以及用于实施违反出境入境管理活动的工具等,公安机关应当予以扣押,并依照相关法律、行政法规规定处理。
Public security, organs shall seize banned articles, documents and data involving state secrets, as well as tools used in activities violating the regulations on exit/entry administration, and handle them in accordance with relevant laws or administrative regulations.
第六十九条 出境入境证件的真伪由签发机关、出入境边防检查机关或者公安机关出入境管理机构认定。
Article 69 The authenticity of exit/entry documents shall be determined by the issuing authorities, the exit/entry border inspection authorities or the exit/entry administrations of public security organs.
第七章 法律责任
Chapter VII Legal Liabilities

第七十条 本章规定的行政处罚,除本章另有规定外,由县级以上地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关决定;其中警告或者五千元以下罚款,可以由县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构决定。
Article 70 Unless otherwise provided for in this Chapter, the administrative penalties prescribed in this Chapter shall be decided by the public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level or the exit/entry border inspection authorities. Penalties involving the imposition of warnings or fines of not more than RMB 5,000 yuan may be decided by the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level.
第七十一条 有下列行为之一的,处一千元以上五千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处二千元以上一万元以下罚款:
Article 71 Persons who commit any of the following acts shall be fined not less than RMB 1,000 yuan but not more than RMB 5,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, such persons shall be detained for not less than five days but not more ten days and may also be fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan.
(一)持用伪造、变造、骗取的出境入境证件出境入境的;
(1) Exit or enter China with forged, altered or fraudulently obtained exit/entry documents;
(二)冒用他人出境入境证件出境入境的;
(2) Exit or enter China using others’ exit/entry documents;
(三)逃避出境入境边防检查的;
(3) Evadeexit/entry border inspection; or
(四)以其他方式非法出境入境的。
(4) Illegally exit or enter China in any other way.
第七十二条 协助他人非法出境入境的,处二千元以上一万元以下罚款;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得。
Article 72 Persons who assist others in illegally exiting or entering China shall be fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, they shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall also be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan, and the illegal gains, if any, shall be confiscated.
单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。
Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in the preceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not more than RMB 50,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any; and the persons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with the provisions in the preceding paragraph.
第七十三条 弄虚作假骗取签证、停留居留证件等出境入境证件的,处二千元以上五千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款。
Article 73 Persons who obtain exit/entry documents such as visas or stay or residence permits by resorting to fraudulent acts shall be fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 5,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, they shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall also be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan.
单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,并对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。
Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in the preceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not more than RMB 50,000 yuan; and the persons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with the provisions in the preceding paragraph.
第七十四条 违反本法规定,为外国人出具邀请函件或者其他申请材料的,处五千元以上一万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并责令其承担所邀请外国人的出境费用。
Article 74 Persons who issue written invitations or other application materials to foreigners in violation of this Law shall be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any, and shall also be ordered to bear exit expenses of the invited foreigners.
单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并责令其承担所邀请外国人的出境费用,对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。
Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in the preceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not more than RMB 50,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any, and shall also be ordered to bear exit expenses of the invited foreigners; the persons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with the provisions in the preceding paragraph.
第七十五条 中国公民出境后非法前往其他国家或者地区被遣返的,出入境边防检查机关应当收缴其出境入境证件,出境入境证件签发机关自其被遣返之日起六个月至三年以内不予签发出境入境证件。
Article 75 Where Chinese citizens are repatriated due to illegally going to other countries or regions after exiting China, exit/entry border inspection authorities shall confiscate their exit/entry documents. Exit/entry document issuing authorities shall refuse to issue new exit/entry documents to such citizens for a period ranging from six months to three years calculating from the date of their repatriation.
第七十六条 有下列情形之一的,给予警告,可以并处二千元以下罚款:
Article 76 Under any of the following circumstances, a warning shall be given, and a fine of not more than RMB 2,000 yuan may also be imposed:
(一)外国人拒不接受公安机关查验其出境入境证件的;
(1) Foreigners refuse to accept examination of their exit/entry documents by public security organs;
(二)外国人拒不交验居留证件的;
(2) Foreigners refuse to submit their residence permits for examination;
(三)未按照规定办理外国人出生登记、死亡申报的;
(3) Persons concerned fail to go through the formalities for foreigners’ birth registration or death declaration in accordance with relevant regulations;
(四)外国人居留证件登记事项发生变更,未按照规定办理变更的;
(4) Foreigners fail to go through the formalities for altering registration in accordance with the relevant regulations when there is any change in the registered items in their residence permits;
(五)在中国境内的外国人冒用他人出境入境证件的;
(5) Foreigners in China use others’ exit/entry documents; or
(六)未按照本法第三十九条第二款规定办理登记的。
(6) Persons concerned fail to go through registration formalities in accordance with the provisions in the second paragraph of Article 39 of this Law.

旅馆未按照规定办理外国人住宿登记的,依照《中华人民共和国治安管理处罚法》的有关规定予以处罚;未按照规定向公安机关报送外国人住宿登记信息的,给予警告;情节严重的,处一千元以上五千元以下罚款。
Hotels that fail to process accommodation registration for foreigners shall be punished in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Penalties for Administration of Public Security; hotels that fail to submit foreigners’ accommodation registration information to public security organs shall be given a warning; where circumstances are serious, such hotels shall be fined not less than RMB 1,000 yuan but not more than RMB 5,000 yuan.
第七十七条 外国人未经批准,擅自进入限制外国人进入的区域,责令立即离开;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留。对外国人非法获取的文字记录、音像资料、电子数据和其他物品,予以收缴或者销毁,所用工具予以收缴。
Article 77 Foreigners accessing foreigner-restricted areas without approval shall be ordered to leave promptly; where circumstances are serious, such foreigners shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than ten days. The text records, audio-visual data, electronic data and other articles illegally obtained thereof by the foreigners shall be confiscated or destroyed, and the tools used for the aforementioned purposes shall be confiscated.
外国人、外国机构违反本法规定,拒不执行公安机关、国家安全机关限期迁离决定的,给予警告并强制迁离;情节严重的,对有关责任人员处五日以上十五日以下拘留。
Foreigners or foreign institutions refusing to execute decisions made by public security organs or national security organs ordering them to relocate within a prescribed time limit shall be given a warning and be relocated mandatorily; where circumstances are serious, relevant responsible persons shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than fifteen days.
第七十八条 外国人非法居留的,给予警告;情节严重的,处每非法居留一日五百元,总额不超过一万元的罚款或者五日以上十五日以下拘留。
Article 78 Foreigners who reside in China illegally shall be given a warning; where circumstances are serious, they shall be imposed with a fine of RMB 500 yuan per day, with a cap of RMB 10,000 yuan in total, or be detained for not less than five days but not more than 15 days.
因监护人或者其他负有监护责任的人未尽到监护义务,致使未满十六周岁的外国人非法居留的,对监护人或者其他负有监护责任的人给予警告,可以并处一千元以下罚款。
Where guardians or other persons responsible for guardianship fail to perform the guardian obligation and result in foreigners below 16 years of age residing in China illegally, the said guardians or other obligated per
第七十九条 容留、藏匿非法入境、非法居留的外国人,协助非法入境、非法居留的外国人逃避检查,或者为非法居留的外国人违法提供出境入境证件的,处二千元以上一万元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得。
Article 79 Persons harboring or hiding foreigners who illegally enter or reside in China, or assisting such foreigners in evading inspection, or providing, in violation of the law, exit/entry documents for foreigners who illegally reside in China shall be fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, such persons shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than fifteen days and shall also be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any.
单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。
Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in the preceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not more than RMB 50,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any; and the persons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with the provisions in the preceding paragraph.
第八十条 外国人非法就业的,处五千元以上二万元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款。
Article 80 Foreigners who work in China illegally shall be fined not less than RMB 5,000 but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, they shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than fifteen days and shall also be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan.
介绍外国人非法就业的,对个人处每非法介绍一人五千元,总额不超过五万元的罚款;对单位处每非法介绍一人五千元,总额不超过十万元的罚款;有违法所得的,没收违法所得。
Persons who introduce jobs to ineligible foreigners shall be fined RMB 5,000 yuan for each job illegally introduced to one foreigner, with a cap of not more than RMB 50,000 yuan in total; and entities that introduce jobs to ineligible foreigners shall be fined RMB 5,000 yuan for each job illegally introduced to one foreigner, with a cap of RMB 100,000 yuan in total; and the illegal gains, if any, shall be confiscated.
非法聘用外国人的,处每非法聘用一人一万元,总额不超过十万元的罚款;有违法所得的,没收违法所得。
Individuals or entities that illegally employ foreigners shall be fined RMB 10,000 yuan for each illegally employed foreigner, with a cap of RMB 100,000 yuan in total; and the illegal gains, if any, shall be confiscated.
第八十一条 外国人从事与停留居留事由不相符的活动,或者有其他违反中国法律、法规规定,不适宜在中国境内继续停留居留情形的,可以处限期出境。
Article 81 Where foreigners engage in activities not corresponding to the purposes of stay or residence, or otherwise violate the laws or regulations of China, which makes them no longer eligible to stay or reside in China, they may be ordered to exit China within a time limit.
外国人违反本法规定,情节严重,尚不构成犯罪的,公安部可以处驱逐出境。公安部的处罚决定为最终决定。
Where a foreigner’s violation of this Law is serious but does not constitute a crime, the Ministry of Public Security may deport them. The penalty decision made by the Ministry of Public Security shall be final.
被驱逐出境的外国人,自被驱逐出境之日起十年内不准入境。
Deported foreigners shall not be allowed to enter China within 10 years calculating from the date of deportation.
第八十二条 有下列情形之一的,给予警告,可以并处二千元以下罚款:
Article 82 Under any of the following circumstances, relevant persons shall be given a warning and may also be fined not more than RMB 2,000 yuan:
(一)扰乱口岸限定区域管理秩序的;
(1) Disrupt the administrative order of the restricted zones of ports;
(二)外国船员及其随行家属未办理临时入境手续登陆的;
(2) Foreign seamen or their accompanying family members disembark without going through the formalities for temporary entry; or
(三)未办理登轮证件上下外国船舶的。
(3) Embark on or disembark from foreign ships without obtaining boarding passes.
违反前款第一项规定,情节严重的,可以并处五日以上十日以下拘留。
Persons who violate Subparagraph (1) of the preceding paragraph may be detained for not less than five days but not more than ten days if the circumstances are serious.
第八十三条 交通运输工具有下列情形之一的,对其负责人处五千元以上五万元以下罚款:
Article 83 Where transport vehicles fall under any of the following circumstances, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles shall be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 50,000 yuan:
(一)未经查验准许擅自出境入境或者未经批准擅自改变出境入境口岸的;
(1) Exit or enter China without examination and approval, or change the ports of exit or entry without approval;
(二)未按照规定如实申报员工、旅客、货物或者物品等信息,或者拒绝协助出境入境边防检查的;
(2) Fail to truthfully declare information of staff, passengers, goods or articles, or refuse to assist in exit/entry border inspection; or
(三)违反出境入境边防检查规定上下人员、装卸货物或者物品的。
(3) Embark or disembark passengers, or load or unload goods or articles in violation of the regulations on exit/entry border inspection.
出境入境交通运输工具载运不准出境入境人员出境入境的,处每载运一人五千元以上一万元以下罚款。交通运输工具负责人证明其已经采取合理预防措施的,可以减轻或者免予处罚。
Transport vehicles that exit or enter China carrying persons who are not allowed to exit or enter China shall be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan for each aforesaid person carried. Where the persons in charge of the transport vehicles prove that they have taken reasonable preventative measures, they may be given mitigated penalties or be exempt from penalties.
第八十四条 交通运输工具有下列情形之一的,对其负责人处二千元以上二万元以下罚款:
Article 84 Where transport vehicles fall under any of the following circumstances, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles shall be fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan:
(一)中国或者外国船舶未经批准擅自搭*外国船舶的;
(1) Chinese or foreign ships berth alongside foreign ships without approval;
(二)外国船舶、航空器在中国境内未按照规定的路线、航线行驶的;
(2) Foreign ships or aircrafts fail to navigate according to the prescribed routes in China; or
(三)出境入境的船舶、航空器违反规定驶入对外开放口岸以外地区的。
(3) Ships and aircrafts that exit or enter China access areas outside the ports open to foreign countries.
第八十五条 履行出境入境管理职责的工作人员,有下列行为之一的,依法给予处分:
Article 85 Where staff members performing the duty of exit/entry administration commit any of the following acts, they shall be given disciplinary sanctions in accordance with the law:
(一)违反法律、行政法规,为不符合规定条件的外国人签发签证、外国人停留居留证件等出境入境证件的;
(1) In violation of laws or administrative regulations, issue exit/entry documents such as visas or stay or residence permits to foreigners who do not meet the prescribed conditions;
(二)违反法律、行政法规,审核验放不符合规定条件的人员或者交通运输工具出境入境的;
(2) In violation of laws or administrative regulations, examine and allow the exit or entry of persons or transport vehicles that do not meet the prescribed conditions;
(三)泄露在出境入境管理工作中知悉的个人信息,侵害当事人合法权益的;
(3) Divulge personal information gained in exit/entry administration work and infringing the legitimate rights and interests of relevant parties;
(四)不按照规定将依法收取的费用、收缴的罚款及没收的违法所得、非法财物上缴国库的;
(4) Fail to turn over in accordance with relevant regulations to the State Treasury the fees, fines or illegal gains or property that are collected or confiscated in accordance with the law;
(五)私分、侵占、挪用罚没、扣押的款物或者收取的费用的;
(5) Privately share, encroach on or misappropriate the funds or articles confiscated or seized or the fees collected; or
(六)滥用职权、玩忽职守、徇私舞弊,不依法履行法定职责的其他行为。
(6) Other failures in performing statutory duties in accordance with the law, such as abuse of power, dereliction of duty, or resorting to malpractice for personal gain.
第八十六条 对违反出境入境管理行为处五百元以下罚款的,出入境边防检查机关可以当场作出处罚决定。
Article 86 In the case of violation of regulations on exit/entry administration and that a fine of not more than RMB 500 yuan should be imposed, the exit/entry border inspection authorities may make a penalty decision on the spot.
第八十七条 对违反出境入境管理行为处罚款的,被处罚人应当自收到处罚决定书之日起十五日内,到指定的银行缴纳罚款。被处罚人在所在地没有固定住所,不当场收缴罚款事后难以执行或者在口岸向指定银行缴纳罚款确有困难的,可以当场收缴。
Article 87 Persons or entities that are fined for violation of regulations on exit/entry administration shall pay their fines in the designated banks within 15 days from the date of receiving the written decision on penalty. Where it is difficult to collect fines after a fine is imposed because the person or entity subject to penalty has no fixed domicile in the place where the fine is imposed or it is difficult to pay fine to the designated bank at the port, the fine may be collected on the spot.
第八十八条 违反本法规定,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。
Article 88 Where a violation of this Law constitutes a crime, criminal liabilities shall be investigated in accordance with the law.
第八章 附 则
Chapter VIII Supplementary Provisions
第八十九条 本法下列用语的含义:
Article 89 Definitions of the following terms mentioned in this Law:
出境,是指由中国内地前往其他国家或者地区,由中国内地前往香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区,由中国大陆前往台湾地区。
Exit refers to leaving the Chinese mainland for other countries or regions, for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or the Macao Special Administrative Region, or for Taiwan Region.
入境,是指由其他国家或者地区进入中国内地,由香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区进入中国内地,由台湾地区进入中国大陆。
Entry refers to entering the Chinese mainland from other countries or regions, from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or the Macao Special Administrative Region, or from Taiwan Region.
外国人,是指不具有中国国籍的人。
Foreigners refer to persons without Chinese nationality.
第九十条 经国务院批准,同毗邻国家接壤的省、自治区可以根据中国与有关国家签订的边界管理协定制定地方性法规、地方政府规章,对两国边境接壤地区的居民往来作出规定。
Article 90 Upon approval by the State Council, provinces and autonomous regions bordering on neighboring countries may, in accordance with the boundary administration agreements signed by China with relevant countries, formulate local regulations or local government rules to regulate the association of residents in border areas of the two countries.
第九十一条 外国驻中国的外交代表机构、领事机构成员以及享有特权和豁免的其他外国人,其入境出境及停留居留管理,其他法律另有规定的,依照其规定。
Article 91 Where there are other regulations on the administration of the entry/exit, stay or residence of the members of foreign diplomatic and consular missions in China, or the entry/exit, stay or residence of other foreigners who enjoy diplomatic privileges and immunities, these regulations shall prevail.
第九十二条 外国人申请办理签证、外国人停留居留证件等出境入境证件或者申请办理证件延期、变更的,应当按照规定缴纳签证费、证件费。
Article 92 Foreigners who apply for exit/entry documents such as visas or foreigner stay or residence permits or apply for document extension or alteration shall pay visa fees or document fees in accordance with relevant regulations.
第九十三条 本法自2013年7月1日起施行。《中华人民共和国外国人入境出境管理法》和《中华人民共和国公民出境入境管理法》同时废止。
Article 93 This Law shall come into force as of July 1, 2013. The Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Administration of Foreigners and the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Administration of Chinese Citizens shall be annulled simultaneously.

2. 中华人民共和国治安管理处罚法
2. LAW OF THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON PUBLIC SECURITY ADMINISTRATION PUNISHMENTS
(2005年8月28日第十届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十七次会议通过) (Adopted at the 17th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 10th National Peoples Congress on August 28, 2005)
目 录
TABLE OF CONTENTS
第一章 总 则
Chapter I General Provisions
第二章 处罚的种类和适用
Chapter II Categories and Application of the Punishments Thereto
第三章 违反治安管理的行为和处罚
Chapter III Acts Violating the Public Security Administration and the Punishments Theret
第一节 扰乱公共秩序的行为和处罚
Section 1 Acts Disrupting Public order and the Punishments Thereto
第二节 妨害公共安全的行为和处罚
Section 2 Acts Impairing Public Safety and the Punishments Thereto
第三节 侵犯人身权利、财产权利的行为和处罚
Section 3 Acts Infringing upon the Right of the Person or Encroaching upon Right of Property and the Punishments Thereto
第四节 妨害社会管理的行为和处罚
Section 4 Acts Impairing the Social Administration and the Punishments Thereto
第四章 处罚程序
Chapter IV Punishment Procedures
第一节 调 查
Section 1 Investigation
第二节 决 定
Section 2 Decision
第三节 执 行
Section 3 Execution
第五章 执法监督
Chapter V Supervision over Law Enforcement
第六章 附 则
Chapter VI Supplementary Provisions
第一章 总 则
Chapter I General Provisions
第一条 为维护社会治安秩序,保障公共安全,保护公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益,规范和保障公安机关及其人民警察依法履行治安管理职责,制定本法。
Article 1 This Law is enacted with a view to maintaining the social security order, guaranteeing public safety, protecting the lawful rights and interests of the citizens, legal persons and other organizations, regulating and ensuring the lawful fulfillment of the public security administration duties by the public security organs and the peoples policemen.
第二条 扰乱公共秩序,妨害公共安全,侵犯人身权利、财产权利,妨害社会管理,具有社会危害性,依照《中华人民共和国刑法》的规定构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任;尚不够刑事处罚的,由公安机关依照本法给予治安管理处罚。
Article 2 With regard to an act of disrupting public order, encroaching upon the right of the person, the right of property or impairing social administration, if it is of social harmfulness and constitutes any crime as provided for in the Criminal Law of the Peoples Republic of China, it shall be subject to criminal liabilities. If it is not serious enough to be subject to a criminal punishment, it shall, in accordance with this law, be subject to public security punishment by the public security organ.
第三条 治安管理处罚的程序,适用本法的规定;本法没有规定的,适用《中华人民共和国行政处罚法》的有关规定。
Article 3 The provisions of this Law shall apply to the procedures for the public security administration punishments. If any matter is not covered by this Law, the relevant provisions of the Administrative Punishment Law of the Peoples Republic of China shall apply.
第四条 在中华人民共和国领域内发生的违反治安管理行为,除法律有特别规定的外,适用本法。
Article 4 This Law shall apply to the acts violating the public security administration within the territory of the Peoples Republic of China unless it is otherwise provided for in any law.
在中华人民共和国船舶和航空器内发生的违反治安管理行为,除法律有特别规定的外,适用本法。
This Law shall apply to the acts violating the public security administration that occur in the vessels and aircrafts of the Peoples Republic of China unless it is otherwise provided for in any law.
第五条 治安管理处罚必须以事实为依据,与违反治安管理行为的性质、情节以及社会危害程度相当。
Article 5 The public security administration punishments shall be based on facts and shall be suitable for the nature and circumstances and extent of harm to the society caused by the act violating the public security administration.
实施治安管理处罚,应当公开、公正,尊重和保障人权,保护公民的人格尊严。
The imposition of public security administration punishments shall be open and impartial, shall respect and guarantee human rights and shall protect the personal dignity of the citizens.
办理治安案件应当坚持教育与处罚相结合的原则。
The principle of combining education with punishments shall be observed in tackling security cases.
第六条 各级人民政府应当加强社会治安综合治理,采取有效措施,化解社会矛盾,增进社会和谐,维护社会稳定。
Article 6 The peoples governments at all levels shall strengthen the comprehensive control of social security, shall take effective measures to solve social contradictions, enhance social harmony and maintain social stability.
第七条 国务院公安部门负责全国的治安管理工作。县级以上地方各级人民政府公安机关负责本行政区域内的治安管理工作。
Article 7 The public security department of the State Council shall be responsible for the public security administration throughout the country. The public security organs of the peoples governments at all levels shall be responsible for the public security administration within their respective administrative division.
治安案件的管辖由国务院公安部门规定。
The jurisdiction of security cases shall be forest forth by the public security department of the State Council.
第八条 违反治安管理的行为对他人造成损害的,行为人或者其监护人应当依法承担民事责任。
Article 8 Where an act violating public security administration causes any damage to any other person, the violator or its guardian shall bear civil liabilities under the law.
第九条 对于因民间纠纷引起的打架斗殴或者损毁他人财物等违反治安管理行为,情节较轻的,公安机关可以调解处理。经公安机关调解,当事人达成协议的,不予处罚。经调解未达成协议或者达成协议后不履行的,公安机关应当依照本法的规定对违反治安管理行为人给予处罚,并告知当事人可以就民事争议依法向人民法院提起民事诉讼。
Article 9 With regard to the acts violating public security administration, such as fight and destroy of property of any other person due to civil disputes, if the circumstances are lenient, the public security organ may solve them by mediation. Upon mediation of the public security organ, if the parties concerned reach an agreement, it shall be exempted from punishment. If no agreement is reached, or if an agreement has been reached but not executed, the public security organ may punish the violator of public security administration in accordance with this Law and inform the parties concerned that they may lodge a civil lawsuit in the peoples court for the civil dispute concerned.
第二章 处罚的种类和适用
Chapter II Categories and Application of the Punishments Thereto
第十条 治安管理处罚的种类分为:
Article 10 The public security administration punishments are classified into the following categories:
(一)警告;
(1) Warning;
(二)罚款;
(2) Pecuniary penalty;
(三)行政拘留;
(3) Administrative detention; and
(四)吊销公安机关发放的许可证。
(4) Revocation of the license issued by the public security organ;
对违反治安管理的外国人,可以附加适用限期出境或者驱逐出境。
Any foreigner who violates the public security administration may be given an additionally applicable time limit for exiting China or being expelled from China.
第十一条 办理治安案件所查获的毒品、淫秽物品等违禁品,赌具、赌资,吸食、注射毒品的用具以及直接用于实施违反治安管理行为的本人所有的工具,应当收缴,按照规定处理。
Article 11 The drugs, obscene articles and other prohibited articles, gambling tools, gambling stakes, tools for drug injection, and all the tools of the violator directly used for committing a violation of the public security administration that are discovered in a public security case shall be confiscated and disposed of in accordance with the relevant provisions.
违反治安管理所得的财物,追缴退还被侵害人;没有被侵害人的,登记造册,公开拍卖或者按照国家有关规定处理,所得款项上缴国库。
The properties gained by violating the public security administration shall be confiscated and returned to the victim. If there is no victim, the properties shall be recorded down and shall be auctioned openly or shall be disposed of in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state, and the proceeds therefrom shall be turned over to the state treasury.
第十二条 已满十四周岁不满十八周岁的人违反治安管理的,从轻或者减轻处罚;不满十四周岁的人违反治安管理的,不予处罚,但是应当责令其监护人严加管教。
Article 12 Where a person who attains to the age of 14 but is less than 18 years old violates public security administration, he shall be given a lighter or mitigated punishment. Where a person who is less than 14 years old violates public security administration, he (she) shall be immune from punishment, but his guardian shall be ordered to offer him strict custodian education.
第十三条 精神病人在不能辨认或者不能控制自己行为的时候违反治安管理的,不予处罚,但是应当责令其监护人严加看管和治疗。间歇性的精神病人在精神正常的时候违反治安管理的,应当给予处罚。
Article 13 If a mentally insane patient causes any harmful consequences at a time when he (she) is unable to understand or control his own conduct, he shall be immune from punishment, but his (her) guardian shall be ordered to keep him under strict watch and control and give him medical treatment. An intermittently mentally insane patient shall be punished if he (she) violates the public security administration when he is in a normal mental state.
第十四条 盲人或者又聋又哑的人违反治安管理的,可以从轻、减轻或者不予处罚。
Article 14 A blind or deaf-and-mute person who violates the administration of public security may be given a lighter or mitigated punishment or may be exempted from punishment.
第十五条 醉酒的人违反治安管理的,应当给予处罚。
Article 15 An intoxicated person who violates the administration of public security shall be punished.
醉酒的人在醉酒状态中,对本人有危险或者对他人的人身、财产或者公共安全有威胁的,应当对其采取保护性措施约束至酒醒。
As to any intoxicated person who may face danger himself (herself) or cause danger to the body or property of any other person or to the public safety, a protective measure shall be taken to control him (her) until he (she) sobers up.
第十六条 有两种以上违反治安管理行为的,分别决定,合并执行。行政拘留处罚合并执行的,最长不超过二十日。
Article 16 Where a person commits two or more acts violating public security administration, rulings shall be made separately but shall be executed concurrently. The maximum time period for the concurrently executed punishments as administrative detention shall not exceed 20 days.
第十七条 共同违反治安管理的,根据违反治安管理行为人在违反治安管理行为中所起的作用,分别处罚。
Article 17 Where 2 or more persons jointly commit a violation of public security administration, they shall be punished separately on the basis of their respective role in the violation.
教唆、胁迫、诱骗他人违反治安管理的,按照其教唆、胁迫、诱骗的行为处罚。
Any person who instigates, coerces or induces any other person to violate public security administration, he (she) shall be punished according to the act he has instigated, coerced or induced.
第十八条 单位违反治安管理的,对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照本法的规定处罚。其他法律、行政法规对同一行为规定给予单位处罚的,依照其规定处罚。
Article 18 Where an entity violates public security administration, the directly liable person-in-charge of the entity and other directly liable persons shall be punished in accordance with this Law. Where any other law or administrative regulation prescribes any punishment on the same violation, the other law or administrative regulation shall prevail.
第十九条 违反治安管理有下列情形之一的,减轻处罚或者不予处罚:
Article 19 Under any of the following circumstances, the violator of public security administration shall be given a mitigated punishment or may be exempted from punishment:
(一)情节特别轻微的;
(1) The circumstances are extremely lenient;
(二)主动消除或者减轻违法后果,并取得被侵害人谅解的;
(2) The violator has eliminated or mitigated the consequences of the illegal act on his own initiative and has obtained the understanding of the victim;
(三)出于他人胁迫或者诱骗的;
(3) He (She) committed the violation because he (she) is forced or induced to do so;
(四)主动投案,向公安机关如实陈述自己的违法行为的;
(4) He (She) surrenders himself to justice and faithfully makes a statement about the violation to the public security organ; and
(五)有立功表现的。
(5) He (She) has performed meritorious services.
第二十条 违反治安管理有下列情形之一的,从重处罚:
Article 20 Under any of the following circumstances, a violator of public security administration shall be given a heavier punishment:
(一)有较严重后果的;
  (1) Having caused rather serious consequences;
(二)教唆、胁迫、诱骗他人违反治安管理的;
  (2) Instigating, coercing or inducing any other person to violate public security administration;
(三)对报案人、控告人、举报人、证人打击报复的;
  (3) Revenging on the person who reported the case to the public security organ, the accuser, informant or witness;
(四)六个月内曾受过治安管理处罚的。
(4) Having ever been subjected to any public security administration punishment within 6 months.
第二十一条 违反治安管理行为人有下列情形之一,依照本法应当给予行政拘留处罚的,不执行行政拘留处罚:
Article 21 Where a violator of public security administration is under any of the following circumstances, if he should be given a punishment of administrative detention under this Law, the punishment of administrative detention shall not be executed:
(一)已满十四周岁不满十六周岁的;
(1) The person has attained to the age of 14 but not to the age of 16;
(二)已满十六周岁不满十八周岁,初次违反治安管理的;
(2) The person has attained to the age of 16 but not to the age of 18, and such act is committed for the first time;
(三)七十周岁以上的;
(3) The person is over 70 years old; or
(四)怀孕或者哺乳自己不满一周岁婴儿的。
(4) The person is pregnant or breast feeds her own baby who is not one year old.
第二十二条 违反治安管理行为在六个月内没有被公安机关发现的,不再处罚。
Article 22 Where an act committed against the administration of public security is not discovered by the public security organ within six months, the person committing such act shall no longer be penalized.
前款规定的期限,从违反治安管理行为发生之日起计算;违反治安管理行为有连续或者继续状态的,从行为终了之日起计算。
The period of time specified in the preceding paragraph shall be counted from the date the act is committed against the administration of public security; and if such act is continual or continuing, the period of time shall be counted from the date the act ends.
第三章 违反治安管理的行为和处罚
Chapter III Acts Violating Public Security Administration
and the Punishments Thereto
第一节 扰乱公共秩序的行为和处罚
Section 1 Acts Disrupting Public Order and the Punishments Thereto
第二十三条 有下列行为之一的,处警告或者二百元以下罚款;情节较重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 23 Where a person commits any of the following acts, he shall be given a warning or a pecuniary penalty. If the circumstances are serious, he (she) shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days and may be fined 500 yuan:
(一)扰乱机关、团体、企业、事业单位秩序,致使工作、生产、营业、医疗、教学、科研不能正常进行,尚未造成严重损失的;
(1) He (she) disturbs the order of any organ, social organization, enterprise or public institution and makes it impossible for the work, production, business, medical services, teaching or scientific research to proceed normally, but has not caused any serious loss;
(二)扰乱车站、港口、码头、机场、商场、公园、展览馆或者其他公共场所秩序的;
(2) He (She) disturbs the order of any bus station, port, dock, civil airport, emporium, park, exhibition hall or any other public place;
(三)扰乱公共汽车、电车、火车、船舶、航空器或者其他公共交通工具上的秩序的;
(3) He (She) disturbs the order of any bus, trolleybus, train, ship, aircraft or any other means of public transport;
(四)非法拦截或者强登、扒乘机动车、船舶、航空器以及其他交通工具,影响交通工具正常行驶的;
(4) He (She) illegally stops or board any slowly going motor vehicle, ship, aircraft or any other means of transport and affects the normal operation of the means of transport; or
(五)破坏依法进行的选举秩序的。
(5) He (She) disturbs the order of any on-going election.
聚众实施前款行为的,对首要分子处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款。
The principal violator who gathers a crowd to commit any of the acts as mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days, and may be fined not more than 1, 000 yuan.
第二十四条 有下列行为之一,扰乱文化、体育等大型群众性活动秩序的,处警告或者二百元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 24 Where a person commits any of the following acts to disturb the order of a cultural activity, sport or any other large scale mass activity, he (she) shall be given a warning or fined not more than 200 yuan. If the circumstances are serious, he (she) be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)强行进入场内的;
(1) Entering into the venue by force;
(二)违反规定,在场内燃放烟花爆竹或者其他物品的;
(2) Setting off fireworks and firecrackers or other articles in a prohibited area by violating relevant provisions;
(三)展示侮辱性标语、条幅等物品的;
(3) Showing any insulting banner, scroll or other article;
(四)围攻裁判员、运动员或者其他工作人员的;
(4) Besieging any referee, athlete or other working personnel;
(五)向场内投掷杂物,不听制止的;
(5) Throwing sundries into the arena and refusing to stop doing so after being ordered to stop; or
(六)扰乱大型群众性活动秩序的其他行为。
(6) Other acts disturbing the order of large scale mass activities.
因扰乱体育比赛秩序被处以拘留处罚的,可以同时责令其十二个月内不得进入体育场馆观看同类比赛;违反规定进入体育场馆的,强行带离现场。
Where a person is given a punishment of detention due to disturbing the order of a sport game, he (she) may ordered not to enter into gymnasiums to watch games of the same type. If he enters into a gymnasium by violating the provisions, he shall be forced to leave the venue.
第二十五条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款:
Article 25 Anyone who commits any of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may be concurrently fined 500 yuan. If the circumstances are relatively lenient, he (she) shall be detained for less than 5 days or shall be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)散布谣言,谎报险情、疫情、警情或者以其他方法故意扰乱公共秩序的;
(1) Intentionally disturbing public order by spreading any rumor, giving false information about the situation of any risk, epidemic disease or emergency, or by any other means;
(二)投放虚假的爆炸性、毒害性、放射性、腐蚀性物质或者传染病病原体等危险物质扰乱公共秩序的;
(2) Disturbing public order by throwing any fake explosive, toxic, radioactive or caustic substances, or any fake infectious disease pathogen;
(三)扬言实施放火、爆炸、投放危险物质扰乱公共秩序的。
(3) Disturbing public order by threat to set fire, blast or throw dangerous substances.
第二十六条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款;情节较重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款:
Article 26 Anyone who commits any of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may be fined not more than 500 yuan. If the circumstances are quite serious, he (she) shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days, and may be fined not more than 1, 000 yuan:
(一)结伙斗殴的;
(1) Gang-fighting;
(二)追逐、拦截他人的;
(2) Chasing or heading off any other person;
(三)强拿硬要或者任意损毁、占用公私财物的;
(3) Forcibly taking or demanding, willfully damaging, destroying or appropriating any public or private property;
(四)其他寻衅滋事行为。
(4) Other acts of picking a quarrel and making trouble.
第二十七条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 27 Anyone who commits any of the following acts may be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days, and may be concurrently fined not more than 1, 000 yuan. If the circumstances are relatively lenient, he (she) shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may be concurrently fined not more than 5, 00 yuan:
(一)组织、教唆、胁迫、诱骗、煽动他人从事邪教、会道门活动或者利用邪教、会道门、迷信活动,扰乱社会秩序、损害他人身体健康的;
(1) Organizing, instigating, intimidating, inducing or inciting any other person to carry out activities of any cult or superstitious sect or secret society, or disturbing the social order or impairing the health of any other person by using any cult, or superstitious sect or secret society, or superstitious activity; or
(二)冒用宗教、气功名义进行扰乱社会秩序、损害他人身体健康活动的。
(2) Disturbing the social order or impairing the health of any other person in the name of any religion or Qigong.
第二十八条 违反国家规定,故意干扰无线电业务正常进行的,或者对正常运行的无线电台(站)产生有害干扰,经有关主管部门指出后,拒不采取有效措施消除的,处五日以上十日以下拘留;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留。
Article 28 A person who, in violation of State regulations, intentionally interferes with the normal operation of the radio business, or brings about harmful interference with the normal operation of radio stations and refuses to take effective measures to eliminate such interference after the competent department points out the fact, shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days.
第二十九条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以下拘留;情节较重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留:
Article 29 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not more than five days; and if the circumstances are relatively serious, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days:
(一)违反国家规定,侵入计算机信息系统,造成危害的;
(1) in violation of State regulations, invading a computer information system, which causes harm to the system;
(二)违反国家规定,对计算机信息系统功能进行删除、修改、增加、干扰,造成计算机信息系统不能正常运行的;
(2) in violation of State regulations, deleting, changing, increasing or interfering with the functions of a computer information system, which makes it impossible for the system to operate normally;
(三)违反国家规定,对计算机信息系统中存储、处理、传输的数据和应用程序进行删除、修改、增加的;
(3) in violation of State regulations, deleting, changing or increasing the stored, processed or transmitted data and the application program of a computer information system; or
(四)故意制作、传播计算机病毒等破坏性程序,影响计算机信息系统正常运行的。
(4) intentionally making up or transmitting such destructive programs as computer virus, which adversely affects the normal operation of a computer information system.
第二节 妨害公共安全的行为和处罚
Section 2 Acts Impairing Public Security and Penalties
第三十条 违反国家规定,制造、买卖、储存、运输、邮寄、携带、使用、提供、处置爆炸性、毒害性、放射性、腐蚀性物质或者传染病病原体等危险物质的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留;情节较轻的,处五日以上十日以下拘留。
Article 30 A person who, in violation of State regulations, manufactures, buys, sells, stores, transports, mails, carries, uses, provides or disposes of hazardous substances such as explosive, toxic, radioactive and corrosive substances or pathogens of infectious diseases shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days.
第三十一条 爆炸性、毒害性、放射性、腐蚀性物质或者传染病病原体等危险物质被盗、被抢或者丢失,未按规定报告的,处五日以下拘留;故意隐瞒不报的,处五日以上十日以下拘留。
Article 31 A person who fails to report, as required by relevant regulations, when such hazardous substances as explosive, toxic, radioactive and corrosive substances or pathogens of infectious diseases are stolen, robbed or lost shall be detained for not more than five days; and if he intentionally conceals the fact, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days.
第三十二条 非法携带枪支、弹药或者弩、匕首等国家规定的管制器具的,处五日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处警告或者二百元以下罚款。
Article 32 A person who illegally carries such implements under control according to State regulations as firearms and ammunition, or crossbows and daggers shall be detained for not more that five days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be given a warning or be fined not more than 200 yuan.
非法携带枪支、弹药或者弩、匕首等国家规定的管制器具进入公共场所或者公共交通工具的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款。
A person who illegally carries such implements under control according to State regulations as firearms and ammunition, or crossbows and daggers to a public place or aboard a public transportation means shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第三十三条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留:
Article 33 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days:
(一)盗窃、损毁油气管道设施、电力电信设施、广播电视设施、水利防汛工程设施或者水文监测、测量、气象测报、环境监测、地质监测、地震监测等公共设施的;
(1) stealing or destroying oil or gas pipe�line installations, electric power and telecommunications facilities, radio and TV facilities, and water�conservancy and flood�control engineering facilities, or such public utilities as ones for hydrological monitoring, hydrographic survey, meteorological monitoring and weather forecast, environmental monitoring, geological monitoring and seismologic monitoring;
(二)移动、损毁国家边境的界碑、界桩以及其他边境标志、边境设施或者领土、领海标志设施的;
(2) moving to another place or destroying boundary tablets and markers of the national border and other boundary markers and installations, or marking installations of territorial land and waters; or
(三)非法进行影响国(边)界线走向的活动或者修建有碍国(边)境管理的设施的。
(3) conducting illegal activities affecting the alignment of the national border (frontier) line, or constructing installations which hampers national border (frontier) administration.
第三十四条 盗窃、损坏、擅自移动使用中的航空设施,或者强行进入航空器驾驶舱的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留。
Article 34 A person who steals, damages or moves to another place without permission aviation facilities in use, or forcibly enters the control cabin of an aircraft shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days
在使用中的航空器上使用可能影响导航系统正常功能的器具、工具,不听劝阻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
A person who uses implements or tools aboard an aircraft in use, which may impair the normal function of the navigation system, and turns a deaf ear to dissuasions shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第三十五条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款:
Article 35 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)盗窃、损毁或者擅自移动铁路设施、设备、机车车辆配件或者安全标志的;
(1) stealing, destroying or moving to another place without permission railway facilities, equipment, rolling stock appendages or safety markers;
(二)在铁路线路上放置障碍物,或者故意向列车投掷物品的;
(2) placing obstacles on railway lines, or intentionally throwing things to trains;
(三)在铁路线路、桥梁、涵洞处挖掘坑穴、采石取沙的;
(3) digging holes or quarrying and taking sand along railway lines, on bridges or in culverts; or
(四)在铁路线路上私设道口或者平交过道的。
(4) privately setting up road junctions or level crossings on railway lines.
第三十六条 擅自进入铁路防护网或者火车来临时在铁路线路上行走坐卧、抢越铁路,影响行车安全的,处警告或者二百元以下罚款。
Article 36 A person who enters railway shelter networks without permission or walks, sits or lies down on railway lines, or rushes across railway lines when a train is approaching, which endangers traffic safety, shall be given a warning or be fined not more than 200 yuan.
第三十七条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 37 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)未经批准,安装、使用电网的,或者安装、使用电网不符合安全规定的;
(1) installing or using electrified wire�nettings without permission, or installing or using them at variance with the regulations on safety;
(二)在车辆、行人通行的地方施工,对沟井坎穴不设覆盖物、防围和警示标志的,或者故意损毁、移动覆盖物、防围和警示标志的;
(2) failing to place covers, fences or warning signs for ditches, wells, ridges and holes when engaging in construction at places where vehicles and pedestrians pass, or intentionally destroying or moving to another place the covers, fences or warning signs; or
(三)盗窃、损毁路面井盖、照明等公共设施的。
(3) stealing or destroying such public utilities as well covers on road surfaces and lighting facilities.
第三十八条 举办文化、体育等大型群众性活动,违反有关规定,有发生安全事故危险的,责令停止活动,立即疏散;对组织者处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处二百元以上五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 38 Where an accident endangering safety may occur during such large�scale mass activities as cultural and sports activities held in violation of relevant regulations, such activities shall be ordered to stop, and the participants shall be immediately evacuated; the organizer shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第三十九条 旅馆、饭店、影剧院、娱乐场、运动场、展览馆或者其他供社会公众活动的场所的经营管理人员,违反安全规定,致使该场所有发生安全事故危险,经公安机关责令改正,拒不改正的,处五日以下拘留。
Article 39 Where the manager of a hotel, restaurant, cinema, theater, entertainment center, sports ground, exhibition hall or other places for public activities violates regulations on safety, so that an accident endangering safety may occur at such a place, and refuses to rectify after a public security organ orders him to do so, he shall be detained for not more than five days.
第三节 侵犯人身权利、财产权利的行为和处罚
Section 3 Acts Infringing upon Rights of the Person and of Property and Penalties
第四十条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处二百元以上五百元以下罚款:
Article 40 If a person commits one of the following acts, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan:
(一)组织、胁迫、诱骗不满十六周岁的人或者残疾人进行恐怖、残忍表演的;
(1) organizing or coercing persons who have not attained to the age of 16 or who are disabled to give terrifying or inhumane performances, or luring such persons into giving such performances;
(二)以暴力、威胁或者其他手段强迫他人劳动的;
(2) forcing another person to work by means of violence or threat or other means; or
(三)非法限制他人人身自由、非法侵入他人住宅或者非法搜查他人身体的。
(3) illegally restricting another person’s freedom of the person, illegally breaking into another person’s house or illegally making a body search of another person.
第四十一条 胁迫、诱骗或者利用他人乞讨的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款。
Article 41 A person who coerces another person to go begging, lures such person into begging or uses the person in begging shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 1,000 yuan
反复纠缠、强行讨要或者以其他滋扰他人的方式乞讨的,处五日以下拘留或者警告。
A person who continually pesters or forcibly begs from another person or begs by other irritating means shall be detained for not more than five days or be given a warning.
第四十二条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款;情节较重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 42 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively serious, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)写恐吓信或者以其他方法威胁他人人身安全的;
(1) writing letters of intimidation or threatening the personal safety of another person by other means;
(二)公然侮辱他人或者捏造事实诽谤他人的;
(2) openly humiliating another person or slandering another person by fabricating stories;
(三)捏造事实诬告陷害他人,企图使他人受到刑事追究或者受到治安管理处罚的;
(3) framing up another person by fabricating stories in an attempt to make the person subject to criminal investigation or to penalty for administration of public security;
(四)对证人及其近亲属进行威胁、侮辱、殴打或者打击报复的;
(4) threatening, humiliating or beating up a witness or his close relative or retaliating against either of them;
(五)多次发送淫秽、侮辱、恐吓或者其他信息,干扰他人正常生活的;
(5) repeatedly dispatching , pornographic, humiliating, intimidating or other information, to disturb the normal life of another person; or
(六)偷窥、偷拍、窃听、散布他人隐私的。
(6) peeping, secretly taking photos, eavesdropping, or spreading the privacy of another person.
第四十三条 殴打他人的,或者故意伤害他人身体的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处二百元以上五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 43 A person who beats up another person, or intentionally hurts the body of another person shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan
有下列情形之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款:
A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan:
(一)结伙殴打、伤害他人的;
(1) gang fighting and hurting another person;
(二)殴打、伤害残疾人、孕妇、不满十四周岁的人或者六十周岁以上的人的;
(2) beating up and hurting a disabled person, pregnant woman, or a person who has not attained to the age of 14 or who is over 60 years old; or
(三)多次殴打、伤害他人或者一次殴打、伤害多人的。
(3) beating up and hurting another person for more than two times, or beating up and hurting more than two persons once.
第四十四条 猥亵他人的,或者在公共场所故意裸露身体,情节恶劣的,处五日以上十日以下拘留;猥亵智力残疾人、精神病人、不满十四周岁的人或者有其他严重情节的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留。
Article 44 A person who molests another person or intentionally exposes his/her body in a public place, if the circumstances are abominable, shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days; if a person molests a mentally disabled person, or a person suffering mental disorder, or a person who has not attained to the age of 14, or commits such act with other serious circumstances, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days.
第四十五条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以下拘留或者警告:
Article 45 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not more than five days or be given a warning:
(一)虐待家庭成员,被虐待人要求处理的;
(1) maltreating a family member, who demands handling of the matter; or
(二)遗弃没有独立生活能力的被扶养人的。
(2) abandoning a supported person who can not look after himself.
第四十六条 强买强卖商品,强迫他人提供服务或者强迫他人接受服务的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处二百元以上五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 46 A person who forcibly buys or sells commodities, forces another person to provide services or to accept services shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第四十七条 煽动民族仇恨、民族歧视,或者在出版物、计算机信息网络中刊载民族歧视、侮辱内容的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款。
Article 47 A person who incites national hatred or national discrimination, or publishes contents about national discrimination or humiliation in publications or computer information networks shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 1,000 yuan.
第四十八条 冒领、隐匿、毁弃、私自开拆或者非法检查他人邮件的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 48 A person who claims under false pretences, hides, destroys, discards, stealthily opens or illegally examines the mail of another person shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第四十九条 盗窃、诈骗、哄抢、抢夺、敲诈勒索或者故意损毁公私财物的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款;情节较重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款。
Article 49 A person who steals, defrauds, forcibly seizes, openly robs, racketeers or intentionally destroys public or private property shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively serious, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 1,000 yuan.
第四节 妨害社会管理的行为和处罚
Section 4 Acts Impeding Social Administration and Penalties
第五十条 有下列行为之一的,处警告或者二百元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 50 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be given a warning or be fined not more than 200 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days, and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)拒不执行人民政府在紧急状态情况下依法发布的决定、命令的;
(1) refusing to carry out the decision or order issued according to law by the people’s government in a state of emergency;
(二)阻碍国家机关工作人员依法执行职务的;
(2) obstructing the staff member of a government department from performing his duties according to law;
(三)阻碍执行紧急任务的消防车、救护车、工程抢险车、警车等车辆通行的;
(3) obstructing the passage of such vehicles as fire engines, ambulances, engineering emergency trucks and patrol wagons on emergency duties; or
(四)强行冲闯公安机关设置的警戒带、警戒区的。
(4) forcibly breaking through a warning belt or area set up by a public security organ.
阻碍人民警察依法执行职务的,从重处罚。
A person who obstructs the people’s police from performing their duties according to law shall be given a heavier penalty.
第五十一条 冒充国家机关工作人员或者以其他虚假身份招摇撞骗的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 51 A person who pretends to be a staff member of a government department or uses another false identity to practice fraud shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
冒充军警人员招摇撞骗的,从重处罚。
If a person cheats people by passing himself off as a member of the army or the police, he shall be given a heavier penalty
第五十二条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款:
Article 52 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 1,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)伪造、变造或者买卖国家机关、人民团体、企业、事业单位或者其他组织的公文、证件、证明文件、印章的;
(1) forging, altering, buying or selling official documents, certificates, testimonial papers or seals of a government department, people’s organization, enterprise, institution or other organization;
(二)买卖或者使用伪造、变造的国家机关、人民团体、企业、事业单位或者其他组织的公文、证件、证明文件的;
(2) buying, selling or using forged or altered official documents, certificates or testimonial papers of a government department, people’s organization, enterprise, institution or other organization;
(三)伪造、变造、倒卖车票、船票、航空客票、文艺演出票、体育比赛入场券或者其他有价票证、凭证的;
(3) forging, altering, reselling train or bus tickets, ship tickets, air tickets, admission tickets for theatrical performances or sports competitions, or other negotiable bills or vouchers; or
(四)伪造、变造船舶户牌,买卖或者使用伪造、变造的船舶户牌,或者涂改船舶发动机号码的。
(4) forging or altering a certificate of vessel registration, buying, selling or using a forged or altered certificate of vessel registration, or altering the number of a vessel engine.
第五十三条 船舶擅自进入、停*国家禁止、限制进入的水域或者岛屿的,对船舶负责人及有关责任人员处五百元以上一千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款。
Article 53 Where a vessel, without permission, enters or berths at the waters or islands, which the State forbids or restricts, the leading person of the vessel and the person to be held responsible shall each be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, they shall each be detained for not more than five days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan.
第五十四条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款:
Article 54 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)违反国家规定,未经注册登记,以社会团体名义进行活动,被取缔后,仍进行活动的;
(1) continuing to engage in activities in the name of a public organization after it is banned because, in violation of State regulations, it engages in activities without registration;
(二)被依法撤销登记的社会团体,仍以社会团体名义进行活动的;
(2) continuing to engage in activities in the name of a public organization after its registration is cancelled according to law; or
(三)未经许可,擅自经营按照国家规定需要由公安机关许可的行业的。
(3) without a license, operating a business for which, according to State regulations, a license issued by a public security organ is required.
有前款第三项行为的,予以取缔。
The act mentioned in Subparagraph (3) of the preceding paragraph shall be banned.
取得公安机关许可的经营者,违反国家有关管理规定,情节严重的,公安机关可以吊销许可证。
If a business operator who has obtained a license from a public security organ violates the relevant administrative regulations of the State and the circumstances are serious, the public security organ may revoke its license.
第五十五条 煽动、策划非法集会、游行、示威,不听劝阻的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留。
Article 55 A person who incites or engineers an illegal gathering, parade or demonstration and refuses to listen to dissuasions shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days.
第五十六条 旅馆业的工作人员对住宿的旅客不按规定登记姓名、身份证件种类和号码的,或者明知住宿的旅客将危险物质带入旅馆,不予制止的,处二百元以上五百元以下罚款。
Article 56 If a worker of the hotel industry fails to register the name or the type and number of the identification certificate of a lodging guest in accordance with relevant regulations, or knowingly fails to stop a lodging guest from bringing hazardous substances into the hotel, he shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan.
旅馆业的工作人员明知住宿的旅客是犯罪嫌疑人员或者被公安机关通缉的人员,不向公安机关报告的,处二百元以上五百元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款。
If a worker of the hotel industry fails to report to the public security organ when he clearly knows that a lodging guests is a criminal suspect or is wanted by the public security organ, he shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not more than five days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第五十七条 房屋出租人将房屋出租给无身份证件的人居住的,或者不按规定登记承租人姓名、身份证件种类和号码的,处二百元以上五百元以下罚款。
Article 57 Where a house lessor leases out his house to a person without an identification certificate, or fails to register the name or type and number of the identification certificate of the lessee in accordance with relevant regulations, he shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan.
房屋出租人明知承租人利用出租房屋进行犯罪活动,不向公安机关报告的,处二百元以上五百元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以下拘留,可以并处五百元以下罚款。
If a house lessor fails to report to the public security organ when he clearly knows that the lessee is making use of the house for criminal activities, he shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not more than five days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第五十八条 违反关于社会生活噪声污染防治的法律规定,制造噪声干扰他人正常生活的,处警告;警告后不改正的,处二百元以上五百元以下罚款。
Article 58 A person who, in violation of the provisions of the law on prevention and control of pollution by the noise emitted in the course of social activities, makes noise to impair the daily life of another person shall be given a warning; and if he fails to make amends after the warning, he shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan.
第五十九条 有下列行为之一的,处五百元以上一千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款:
Article 59 If a person commits one of the following acts, he shall be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan:
(一)典当业工作人员承接典当的物品,不查验有关证明、不履行登记手续,或者明知是违法犯罪嫌疑人、赃物,不向公安机关报告的;
(1) where the worker of a pawnshop is concerned, failing to examine the relevant certificates or to go through the formalities of registration in dealing with the Article pawned, or failing to report to the public security organ when he clearly knows that the pawner is criminal suspect who violates the law and the Article is something stolen;
(二)违反国家规定,收购铁路、油田、供电、电信、矿山、水利、测量和城市公用设施等废旧专用器材的;
(2) in violation of State regulations, purchasing waste and old equipment specially used for railways, oilfields, power supply, telecommunications, mineral mines, water conservancy and survey as well as urban public utilities;
(三)收购公安机关通报寻查的赃物或者有赃物嫌疑的物品的;
(3) purchasing stolen goods searched for in the circular of a public security organ, or suspected stolen goods; or
(四)收购国家禁止收购的其他物品的。
(4) purchasing of other Articles, which is prohibited by the State.
第六十条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处二百元以上五百元以下罚款:
Article 60 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan:
(一)隐藏、转移、变卖或者损毁行政执法机关依法扣押、查封、冻结的财物的;
(1) hiding, transferring, selling off or destroying the property or thing of value distrained, sealed up or frozen by an administrative law�enforcement organs according to law;
(二)伪造、隐匿、毁灭证据或者提供虚假证言、谎报案情,影响行政执法机关依法办案的;
(2) forging, concealing or destroying evidence, or providing false testimony or giving false information about a case, which affects the administrative law�enforcement organ in dealing with the case according to law;
(三)明知是赃物而窝藏、转移或者代为销售的;
(3) knowingly harboring, transferring or selling stolen goods for another person; or
(四)被依法执行管制、剥夺政治权利或者在缓刑、保外就医等监外执行中的罪犯或者被依法采取刑事强制措施的人,有违反法律、行政法规和国务院公安部门有关监督管理规定的行为。
(4) where a criminal being put under surveillance or deprived of political rights according to law, serving a sentence outside the prison under surveillance, such as being under suspended execution of a sentence and being released on medical parole, or a person being subjected to compulsory criminal measures according to law is concerned, committing an act in violation of laws, administrative regulations or of the regulations of the public security department under the State Council on supervision and control.
第六十一条 协助组织或者运送他人偷越国(边)境的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处一千元以上五千元以下罚款。
Article 61 A person who assists in making arrangements for another person illegally to cross, or transports another person across, the national border (frontier) shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 1,000 yuan but not more than 5,000 yuan
第六十二条 为偷越国(边)境人员提供条件的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处五百元以上二千元以下罚款。
Article 62 A person who provides conditions to another person for illegally crossing the national border (frontier) shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 2,000 yuan.
偷越国(边)境的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
A person who illegally crosses the national border (frontier) shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第六十三条 有下列行为之一的,处警告或者二百元以下罚款;情节较重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,并处二百元以上五百元以下罚款:
Article 63 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be given a warning or be fined not more than 200 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively serious, he shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan:
(一)刻划、涂污或者以其他方式故意损坏国家保护的文物、名胜古迹的;
(1) cutting, smearing or deliberately damaging by other means cultural relics, scenic spots or historic sites protected by the State; or
(二)违反国家规定,在文物保护单位附近进行爆破、挖掘等活动,危及文物安全的。
(2) in violation of State regulations, conducting such activities as blasting and excavation in the vicinity of historic and cultural sites under State protection, which threatens the safety of cultural relics.
第六十四条 有下列行为之一的,处五百元以上一千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款:
Article 64 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan:
(一)偷开他人机动车的;
(1) driving another person’s motor vehicle without permission; or
(二)未取得驾驶证驾驶或者偷开他人航空器、机动船舶的。
(2) driving without obtaining a driver’s license or without permission another person’s aircraft or motor vessel.
第六十五条 有下列行为之一的,处五日以上十日以下拘留;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处一千元以下罚款:
Article 65 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than 10 days; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 1,000 yuan:
(一)故意破坏、污损他人坟墓或者毁坏、丢弃他人尸骨、骨灰的;
(1) intentionally destroying or defacing the grave of another person’s, or damaging or discarding the remains or ashes of another person’s; or
(二)在公共场所停放尸体或者因停放尸体影响他人正常生活、工作秩序,不听劝阻的。
(2) placing a corpse at a public place, or disturbing another person’s normal life or work order due to the placing of a corpse and refusing to listen to dissuasion.
第六十六条 **、嫖*的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处五千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 66 A prostitute or a person who goes whoring shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 5,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, she or he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan
在公共场所拉客招嫖的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
A person who, at a public place, touts for prostitution or invites another person for whoring shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第六十七条 引诱、容留、介绍他人**的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处五千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 67 A person who seduces, shelters or introduces another person to engage in prostitution shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 5,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第六十八条 制作、运输、复制、出售、出租淫秽的书刊、图片、影片、音像制品等淫秽物品或者利用计算机信息网络、电话以及其他通讯工具传播淫秽信息的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处三千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款。
Article 68 A person who produces, transports, duplicates, sells or lends pornographic materials including books, periodicals, pictures, movies and audio�video products, or disseminates pornographic information by making use of computer information networks, telephones or other means of communications shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 3,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan.
第六十九条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上一千元以下罚款:
Article 69 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 1,000 yuan:
(一)组织播放淫秽音像的;
(1) arranging for broadcasting pornographic audio or video tapes;
(二)组织或者进行淫秽表演的;
(2) arranging for or giving obscene performances; or
(三)参与聚众淫乱活动的。
(3) joining a crowd in licentious activities.
明知他人从事前款活动,为其提供条件的,依照前款的规定处罚。
A person who provides conditions to people while clearly knowing that they are engaged in the activities specified in the preceding paragraph shall be penalized in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.
第七十条 以营利为目的,为赌博提供条件的,或者参与赌博赌资较大的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上三千元以下罚款。
Article 70 A person who provides conditions for gambling for the purpose of making profits, or participates in gambling with a relatively big amount of money, shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan; and if the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 3,000 yuan.
第七十一条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处三千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款:
Article 71 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 3,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)非法种植罂粟不满五百株或者其他少量毒品原植物的;
(1) illegally cultivating opium poppies of less than 500 plants or a small number of mother plants of other narcotic drugs;
(二)非法买卖、运输、携带、持有少量未经灭活的罂粟等毒品原植物种子或者幼苗的;
(2) illegally buying, selling, transporting, carrying or possessing a small quantity of the seeds or seedlings of the mother plants of narcotic drugs, such as the opium poppy, which have not been inactivated; or
(三)非法运输、买卖、储存、使用少量罂粟壳的。
(3) illegally transporting, buying, selling, storing or using a small quantity of opium poppy shells.
有前款第一项行为,在成熟前自行铲除的,不予处罚。
A person who commits the act specified in Subparagraph (1) of the preceding paragraph uproots the plants, of his own accord, before they are ripe shall not be penalized.
第七十二条 有下列行为之一的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,可以并处二千元以下罚款;情节较轻的,处五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罚款:
Article 72 A person who commits one of the following acts shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and may, in addition, be fined not more than 2,000 yuan; and if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be detained for not more than five days or be fined not more than 500 yuan:
(一)非法持有鸦片不满二百克、海洛因或者甲基苯丙胺不满十克或者其他少量毒品的;
(1) illegally possessing opium of less than 200 grams, heroin or methamphetamine of less than 10 grams or a small amount of other narcotic drugs;
(二)向他人提供毒品的;
(2) providing another person with narcotic drugs;
(三)吸食、注射毒品的;
(3) ingesting or injecting narcotic drugs; or
(四)胁迫、欺骗医务人员开具麻醉药品、精神药品的。
(4) coercing a medical worker to prescribe narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or cheating the worker into doing the same.
第七十三条 教唆、引诱、欺骗他人吸食、注射毒品的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五百元以上二千元以下罚款。
Article 73 A person who instigates, lures or cheats another person to or into drug ingestion or injection shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall, in addition, be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 2,000 yuan.
第七十四条 旅馆业、饮食服务业、文化娱乐业、出租汽车业等单位的人员,在公安机关查处吸毒、赌博、**、嫖*活动时,为违法犯罪行为人通风报信的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留。
Article 74 When the public security organ investigates and deals with drug ingestion or injection, gambling, prostitution or whoring activities, a worker of the hotel industry, catering trade, cultural and recreational industry, taxi trade, etc providing the information to a person who commits a crime in violation of law shall be detained for not less than 10 days but not more than 15 days.
第七十五条 饲养动物,干扰他人正常生活的,处警告;警告后不改正的,或者放任动物恐吓他人的,处二百元以上五百元以下罚款。
Article 75 A person who raises animals, which disturbs the daily life of another person, shall be given a warning; if he fails to make amends after the warning is given, or connives at his animals, scaring another person, he shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan.
驱使动物伤害他人的,依照本法第四十三条第一款的规定处罚。
A person who unleashes his animal to hurt another person shall be penalized in accordance with the provisions of the first paragraph of Article 43 of this Law.
第七十六条 有本法第六十七条、第六十八条、第七十条的行为,屡教不改的,可以按照国家规定采取强制性教育措施。
Article 76 Where a person who commits an act specified in Articles 67, 68 and 70 refuses to make amends despite repeated admonition, compulsory educational measures may be adopted in accordance with State regulations.
第四章 处罚程序
ChapterIV Procedure of Penalties
第一节 调 查
Section 1 Investigation
第七十七条 公安机关对报案、控告、举报或者违反治安管理行为人主动投案,以及其他行政主管部门、司法机关移送的违反治安管理案件,应当及时受理,并进行登记。
Article 77 A public security organ shall, in a timely manner, accept a case reported, accused or informed of, or the voluntary surrender of a person who acts against the administration of public security, as well as cases of acts against the administration of public security transferred by another administrative department or judicial organ, and have the case registered.
第七十八条 公安机关受理报案、控告、举报、投案后,认为属于违反治安管理行为的,应当立即进行调查;认为不属于违反治安管理行为的,应当告知报案人、控告人、举报人、投案人,并说明理由。
Article 78 After accepting a case reported, accused, or informed of or a voluntary surrender, which the public security organ considers to be an act against the administration of public security, it shall immediately conduct investigation; otherwise, it shall notify the reporter, accuser or informant, or the person who surrenders himself to the police of the fact and explain the reasons.
第七十九条 公安机关及其人民警察对治安案件的调查,应当依法进行。严禁刑讯逼供或者采用威胁、引诱、欺骗等非法手段收集证据。
Article 79 Public security organs and the people’s police shall investigate cases of public security according to law Extorting confessions by torture or collecting evidence by such illegal means as intimidation, enticement or deception is strictly prohibited.
以非法手段收集的证据不得作为处罚的根据。
Evidence collected by illegal means shall not be taken as the basis of penalty
第八十条 公安机关及其人民警察在办理治安案件时,对涉及的国家秘密、商业秘密或者个人隐私,应当予以保密。
Article 80 When public security organs and the people’s police deal with cases of public security, which involve State secret, commercial secret or individual privacy, they shall keep the secret.
第八十一条 人民警察在办理治安案件过程中,遇有下列情形之一的,应当回避;违反治安管理行为人、被侵害人或者其法定代理人也有权要求他们回避:
Article 81 Where a people’s policeman comes under one of the following circumstances when dealing with a case of public security, he shall withdraw; and the person who commits an act against the administration of public security, the victim, their statutory representative shall have the right to demand the policeman’s withdrawal:
(一)是本案当事人或者当事人的近亲属的;
(1) being a party or a close relative of the party to the case;
(二)本人或者其近亲属与本案有利害关系的;
(2) he or a close relative of his has an interest in the case; or
(三)与本案当事人有其他关系,可能影响案件公正处理的。
(3) having other relations with a party to the case, which may affect the impartial handling of the case.
人民警察的回避,由其所属的公安机关决定;公安机关负责人的回避,由上一级公安机关决定。
The withdrawal of a people’s policeman shall be decided by the public security organ which he belongs to; and the withdrawal of a leading person of a public security organ shall be decided by the public security organ at the next higher level.
第八十二条 需要传唤违反治安管理行为人接受调查的,经公安机关办案部门负责人批准,使用传唤证传唤。对现场发现的违反治安管理行为人,人民警察经出示工作证件,可以口头传唤,但应当在询问笔录中注明。
Article 82 Where it is necessary to summon a person who commits an act against the administration of public security for investigation, the matter shall be subject to approval by the leading person of the department that handles the case under a public security organ, and a summons shall be used Where a person committing an act against the administration of public security is discovered on the spot, he may be summoned orally after the people’s policeman shows his work certificate, which shall be noted in the written record of interrogation.
公安机关应当将传唤的原因和依据告知被传唤人。对无正当理由不接受传唤或者逃避传唤的人,可以强制传唤。
The public security organ shall notify the person summoned of the reasons for and the basis of the summons A person who refuses to accept a summons without justifiable reasons or evades a summons may compulsorily be summoned.
第八十三条 对违反治安管理行为人,公安机关传唤后应当及时询问查证,询问查证的时间不得超过八小时;情况复杂,依照本法规定可能适用行政拘留处罚的,询问查证的时间不得超过二十四小时。
Article 83 Immediately after the person who commits an act against the administration of public security answers the summons, the public security organ shall conduct interrogation and investigation, which shall not exceed eight hours; and if the circumstances are complicated and, according to the provisions of this Law, a penalty of administrative detention may be applied, the time for the interrogation and investigation shall not exceed 24 hours.
公安机关应当及时将传唤的原因和处所通知被传唤人家属。
The public security organ shall, without delay, notify the family members of the person summoned of the reasons for the summons and the place of detention.
第八十四条 询问笔录应当交被询问人核对;对没有阅读能力的,应当向其宣读。记载有遗漏或者差错的,被询问人可以提出补充或者更正。被询问人确认笔录无误后,应当签名或者盖章,询问的人民警察也应当在笔录上签名。
Article 84 The written record of interrogation shall be checked by the interrogated; and if the latter does not have the ability to read, the written record shall be read out to him If there are omissions or errors in the record, the interrogated may request supplements or corrections to be made When the interrogated confirms that the written record is free of error, he shall sign or affix his seal on it, and the people’s policeman who does the interrogation shall sign the record as well.
被询问人要求就被询问事项自行提供书面材料的,应当准许;必要时,人民警察也可以要求被询问人自行书写。
If the interrogated requests, of his own accord, to provide written materials on the matters interrogated, permission shall be given; and when necessary, the people’s policeman may also request the interrogated to write down the materials himself.
询问不满十六周岁的违反治安管理行为人,应当通知其父母或者其他监护人到场。
When a person who commits an act against the administration of public security and who has not attained to the age of 16 is to be interrogated, his parents or guardian shall be notified of the need to be present.
第八十五条 人民警察询问被侵害人或者其他证人,可以到其所在单位或者住处进行;必要时,也可以通知其到公安机关提供证言。
Article 85 To interrogate a victim or other witness, the people’s policeman may do it in the unit which he belongs to or at the place where he lives; and when necessary, the people’s policeman may also notify the victim or witness that he comes to the public security organ to provide testimony.
人民警察在公安机关以外询问被侵害人或者其他证人,应当出示工作证件。
When a people’s policeman interrogate a victim or other witness outside of the public security organ, he shall show his work certificate.
询问被侵害人或者其他证人,同时适用本法第八十四条的规定。
The provisions of Article 84 of this Law are, at the same time, applicable to the interrogation of a victim or other witness.
第八十六条 询问聋哑的违反治安管理行为人、被侵害人或者其他证人,应当有通晓手语的人提供帮助,并在笔录上注明。
Article 86 If the person committing an act against the administration of public security, the victim or other witness who is deaf�mute is interrogated, assistance shall be provided by persons who have a good command of the sign language, which shall be noted clearly in the written record of the interrogation.
询问不通晓当地通用的语言文字的违反治安管理行为人、被侵害人或者其他证人,应当配备翻译人员,并在笔录上注明。
If the person committing an act against the administration of public security, the victim or other witness who is not familiar with the spoken or written language common in use in the locality is interrogated, interpreters shall be provided, which shall be noted clearly in the written record of the interrogation.
第八十七条 公安机关对与违反治安管理行为有关的场所、物品、人身可以进行检查。检查时,人民警察不得少于二人,并应当出示工作证件和县级以上人民政府公安机关开具的检查证明文件。对确有必要立即进行检查的,人民警察经出示工作证件,可以当场检查,但检查公民住所应当出示县级以上人民政府公安机关开具的检查证明文件。
Article 87 The public security organ may inspect the place, Articles and person related to an act against the administration of public security For such inspection, there shall be two policemen at least, and they shall show their work certificates and the certificating document for inspection issued by public security organ under the people’s government at or above the county level Where it is really necessary to conduct inspection immediately, the policemen may, upon showing their work certificates, conduct inspection on the spot; however, to inspect the domicile of a citizen, they shall show the certificating document for inspection issued by the public security organ under the people’s government at or above the county level.
检查妇女的身体,应当由女性工作人员进行。
Inspecting the person of a woman shall be done by female workers.
第八十八条 检查的情况应当制作检查笔录,由检查人、被检查人和见证人签名或者盖章;被检查人拒绝签名的,人民警察应当在笔录上注明。
Article 88 A written record of the inspection shall be made, which shall be signed by or affixed with the seals of the inspectors, the inspected and the witnesses; and if the inspected refuses to sign his name, the people’s police shall state the fact clearly in the written record.
第八十九条 公安机关办理治安案件,对与案件有关的需要作为证据的物品,可以扣押;对被侵害人或者善意第三人合法占有的财产,不得扣押,应当予以登记。对与案件无关的物品,不得扣押。
Article 89 For handling a case of public security, the public security organ may distrain the Articles that are related to the case and need to be taken as evidence; and it shall not distrain the property lawfully possessed by the victim or the bona�fide third party, but shall have such property registered It shall not distrain Articles that are not related to the case.
对扣押的物品,应当会同在场见证人和被扣押物品持有人查点清楚,当场开列清单一式二份,由调查人员、见证人和持有人签名或者盖章,一份交给持有人,另一份附卷备查。
The number of the Articles distrained shall be checked accurately together with the witnesses on the spot and the person who possesses those Articles, and a list of such Articles shall be prepared in duplicate on the spot, which shall be signed by or affixed with the seals of the inspectors, witnesses and the possessor, and of which one copy shall be given to the possessor and the other shall be attached to the file of case for the reference.
对扣押的物品,应当妥善保管,不得挪作他用;对不宜长期保存的物品,按照有关规定处理。经查明与案件无关的,应当及时退还;经核实属于他人合法财产的,应当登记后立即退还;满六个月无人对该财产主张权利或者无法查清权利人的,应当公开拍卖或者按照国家有关规定处理,所得款项上缴国库。
The Articles distrained shall be preserved properly and not be used for other purposes; and the Articles unsuitable to be kept for a long period of time shall be disposed of in accordance with relevant regulations The Articles proved to be unrelated to the case upon investigation shall be returned immediately; the Articles that belong to the lawful property of another person upon verification shall be immediately returned after they are registered; and if at the expiration of six months nobody lays claim to such property or there is no way of identifying the obligees, the Articles shall be publicly sold by auction or be disposed of in accordance with the relevant regulations of the State, and the proceeds therefrom shall be handed over to the State Treasury.
第九十条 为了查明案情,需要解决案件中有争议的专门性问题的,应当指派或者聘请具有专门知识的人员进行鉴定;鉴定人鉴定后,应当写出鉴定意见,并且签名。
Article 90 Where it is necessary to solve the special problems in dispute in a case for the purpose of finding out the truth of the case, persons with special knowledge shall be designated or invited to make appraisal; and after appraisal, the experts shall write down their opinions and sign their names.
第二节 决 定
Section 2 Decision
第九十一条 治安管理处罚由县级以上人民政府公安机关决定;其中警告、五百元以下的罚款可以由公安派出所决定。
Article 91 Penalties for administration of public security shall be decided on by public security organs under the people’s government at or above the county level, among which, a warning or a fine of not more than 500 yuan may be decided on by local police stations.
第九十二条 对决定给予行政拘留处罚的人,在处罚前已经采取强制措施限制人身自由的时间,应当折抵。限制人身自由一日,折抵行政拘留一日。
Article 92 With regard to a person, before the decision on a penalty of administrative detention is made, a compulsory measure for restricting his freedom of person has been adopted, the period of time for such measure shall be offset One day of restricted freedom of person shall be offset against one day of administrative detention.
第九十三条 公安机关查处治安案件,对没有本人陈述,但其他证据能够证明案件事实的,可以作出治安管理处罚决定。但是,只有本人陈述,没有其他证据证明的,不能作出治安管理处罚决定。
Article 93 In investigating and handling a case of public security, the public security organ may, in the absence of statements made by the offender, make a decision on a penalty for administration of public security, when the facts of the case can be proved by other evidence However, where there are only statements made by the offender but no other evidence to prove the facts, the decision on a penalty for administration of public security shall not be made.
第九十四条 公安机关作出治安管理处罚决定前,应当告知违反治安管理行为人作出治安管理处罚的事实、理由及依据,并告知违反治安管理行为人依法享有的权利。
Article 94 Before making a decision on a penalty for administration of public security, the public security organ shall notify the person who commits an act against the administration of public security of the facts, reasons and basis for such penalty, as well as of the rights he enjoys according to law.
违反治安管理行为人有权陈述和申辩。公安机关必须充分听取违反治安管理行为人的意见,对违反治安管理行为人提出的事实、理由和证据,应当进行复核;违反治安管理行为人提出的事实、理由或者证据成立的,公安机关应当采纳。
A person who commits an act against the administration of public security shall have the right to make statements and defend himself The public security organ must fully listen to the opinions of the said person and shall review the facts, reasons and evidence put forth by the person; and if the facts, reasons or evidence put forth by the person are tenable, the public security organ shall accept them.
公安机关不得因违反治安管理行为人的陈述、申辩而加重处罚。
The public security organ shall not impose a heavier penalty on the person who commits an act against the administration of public security because the person has made his statements or defended himself.
第九十五条 治安案件调查结束后,公安机关应当根据不同情况,分别作出以下处理:
Article 95 After the investigation into a case of public security is concluded, the public security organ shall make a decision, on the merits of the case, as follows:
(一)确有依法应当给予治安管理处罚的违法行为的,根据情节轻重及具体情况,作出处罚决定;
(1) if the illegal act has certainly been committed for which a penalty for administration of public security should be imposed according to law, a decision to such an effect shall be made in light of the seriousness of the circumstances and actual situation;
(二)依法不予处罚的,或者违法事实不能成立的,作出不予处罚决定;
(2) if no penalty should be imposed according to law, or the fact about the illegal act are untenable, a decision on no penalty shall be made;
(三)违法行为已涉嫌犯罪的,移送主管机关依法追究刑事责任;
(3) if the illegal act is suspected of being a crime, the case shall be transferred to a competent organ which shall investigate the criminal responsibility according to law; or
(四)发现违反治安管理行为人有其他违法行为的,在对违反治安管理行为作出处罚决定的同时,通知有关行政主管部门处理。
(4) when finding that the person who commits an act against the administration of public security has committed other illegal acts, it shall, while making a decision on penalty for the said act, notify the relevant administrative department in charge for handling the case.
第九十六条 公安机关作出治安管理处罚决定的,应当制作治安管理处罚决定书。决定书应当载明下列内容:
Article 96 When the public security organ makes a decision on penalty for administration of public security, it shall make a written decision on such penalty In the written decision the following shall clearly be stated:
(一)被处罚人的姓名、性别、年龄、身份证件的名称和号码、住址;
(1) the name, ***, age, title and number of identity card, and address of the person penalized;
(二)违法事实和证据;
(2) facts and evidence of the illegal act committed;
(三)处罚的种类和依据;
(3) type and basis of the penalty;
(四)处罚的执行方式和期限;
(4) means for executing the penalty and the period of time of the penalty;
(五)对处罚决定不服,申请行政复议、提起行政诉讼的途径和期限;
(5) channels and time limit for making an application for administrative reconsideration or for bringing an administrative suit if a person is dissatisfied with the decision on penalty; and
(六)作出处罚决定的公安机关的名称和作出决定的日期。
(6) name of the public security organ that makes the decision on penalty and the date on which such a decision is made
决定书应当由作出处罚决定的公安机关加盖印章。
The seal of the public security organ that makes the decision on penalty shall be affixed to the written decision.
第九十七条 公安机关应当向被处罚人宣告治安管理处罚决定书,并当场交付被处罚人;无法当场向被处罚人宣告的,应当在二日内送达被处罚人。决定给予行政拘留处罚的,应当及时通知被处罚人的家属。
Article 97 The public security organ shall read out the written decision on penalty for administration of public security to the person penalized, and hand it over to him on the spot; and where there is no way of reading it out to such person on the spot, the written decision shall be served on the person within two days Where a decision on penalty of administrative detention is made, the family members of the person penalized shall be notified without delay.
有被侵害人的,公安机关应当将决定书副本抄送被侵害人。
Where there is a victim in the case, the public security organ shall send a duplicate of the written decision to the victim.
第九十八条 公安机关作出吊销许可证以及处二千元以上罚款的治安管理处罚决定前,应当告知违反治安管理行为人有权要求举行听证;违反治安管理行为人要求听证的,公安机关应当及时依法举行听证。
Article 98 Before deciding to revoke the license or to impose a fine of not less than 2,000 yuan as a penalty for the administration of public security, the public security organ shall notify the person who commits an act against the administration of public security that he has the right to demand the holding of a hearing; and where the said person demands a hearing, the public security organ shall, in a timely manner, hold the hearing according to law.
第九十九条 公安机关办理治安案件的期限,自受理之日起不得超过三十日;案情重大、复杂的,经上一级公安机关批准,可以延长三十日。
Article 99 The period of time for the public security organ to handle a case of public security shall not exceed 30 days from the date it accepts case; and where it is a major and complicated case, the period of time may be extended for another 30 days upon approval by the public security organ at the next higher level.
为了查明案情进行鉴定的期间,不计入办理治安案件的期限。
The time for making evaluation in order to find out the facts about a case shall not be counted into the period of time for handling a case of public security.
第一百条 违反治安管理行为事实清楚,证据确凿,处警告或者二百元以下罚款的,可以当场作出治安管理处罚决定。
Article 100 Where the facts about the act committed against the administration of public security are clear and the evidence is irrefutable, for which a warning is to be given or a fine of not more than 200 yuan is to be imposed, the decision on such a penalty for administration of public security may be made on the spot.
第一百零一条 当场作出治安管理处罚决定的,人民警察应当向违反治安管理行为人出示工作证件,并填写处罚决定书。处罚决定书应当当场交付被处罚人;有被侵害人的,并将决定书副本抄送被侵害人。
Article 101 Where a decision on a penalty for administration of public security is made on the spot, the people’s policeman shall show his work certificate to the person who commits an act against the administration of public security, and fill out a written decision on the penalty The written decision on the penalty shall, on the spot, be handed over to the person penalized; and where there is a victim in the case, the duplicate of the written decision shall be sent to him.
前款规定的处罚决定书,应当载明被处罚人的姓名、违法行为、处罚依据、罚款数额、时间、地点以及公安机关名称,并由经办的人民警察签名或者盖章。
In the written decision on the penalty mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall clearly be stated the name of the person penalized, the illegal act, the basis for the penalty, the amount of the fine, the date, place, and the title of the public security organ, and the written decision shall be signed by or affixed with the seal of the people’s policeman who handles the case.
当场作出治安管理处罚决定的,经办的人民警察应当在二十四小时内报所属公安机关备案。
Where the decision on a penalty for administration of public security is made on the spot, the people’s policeman who handles the case shall, within 24 hours, report the matter for the record to the public security organ which he belongs to.
第一百零二条 被处罚人对治安管理处罚决定不服的,可以依法申请行政复议或者提起行政诉讼。
Article 102 Where the person penalized is not satisfied with the decision on penalty for administration of public security, he may apply for administrative reconsideration or bring an administrative suit according to law.
第三节 执行
Section 3 Execution
第一百零三条 对被决定给予行政拘留处罚的人,由作出决定的公安机关送达拘留所执行。
Article 103 The person on whom the penalty for administrative detention is imposed upon decision shall be delivered by the public security organ to the house of detention for execution of the decision it made.
第一百零四条 受到罚款处罚的人应当自收到处罚决定书之日起十五日内,到指定的银行缴纳罚款。但是,有下列情形之一的,人民警察可以当场收缴罚款:
Article 104 The person on whom a fine is imposed as a penalty shall pay the fine to a designated bank within 15 days from the date he receives the written decision on the penalty However, under one of the following circumstances, the people’s policeman may collect the fine on the spot:.
(一)被处五十元以下罚款,被处罚人对罚款无异议的;
(1) if the amount of the fine imposed is not more than 50 yuan and the person penalized has no objection to the fine;
(二)在边远、水上、交通不便地区,公安机关及其人民警察依照本法的规定作出罚款决定后,被处罚人向指定的银行缴纳罚款确有困难,经被处罚人提出的;
(2) if in an outlying area, or on water, or in a place not easily accessible where the public security organ or the people’s policeman makes a decision on a fine in accordance with the provisions of this Law, the person penalized makes such a proposal because it is really difficult for him to pay the fine to the designated bank; or
(三)被处罚人在当地没有固定住所,不当场收缴事后难以执行的。
(3) if it is difficult to enforce the penalty unless the fine is collected on the spot, because the person penalized has no permanent dwelling place in the locality.
第一百零五条 人民警察当场收缴的罚款,应当自收缴罚款之日起二日内,交至所属的公安机关;在水上、旅客列车上当场收缴的罚款,应当自抵岸或者到站之日起二日内,交至所属的公安机关;公安机关应当自收到罚款之日起二日内将罚款缴付指定的银行。
Article 105 The people’s policeman who collects a fine on the spot shall, within two days from the date he collects the fine, hand the fine over to the public security organ which he belongs to; if a fine is collected on the spot on water or aboard a train, he shall, within two days from the date he arrives at the port or railway station, hand the fine over to the public security organ which he belongs to; and the public security organ shall, within two days from the date it receives the fine, hand the fine over to the designated bank.
第一百零六条 人民警察当场收缴罚款的,应当向被处罚人出具省、自治区、直辖市人民政府财政部门统一制发的罚款收据;不出具统一制发的罚款收据的,被处罚人有权拒绝缴纳罚款。
Article 106 When a people’s policeman collects a fine on the spot, he shall produce to the person penalized a voucher for the fine which is uniformly printed and issued by the finance department of the people’s government of a province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government; and if no such voucher is produced, the person penalized shall have the right to refuse to pay the fine.
第一百零七条 被处罚人不服行政拘留处罚决定,申请行政复议、提起行政诉讼的,可以向公安机关提出暂缓执行行政拘留的申请。公安机关认为暂缓执行行政拘留不致发生社会危险的,由被处罚人或者其近亲属提出符合本法第一百零八条规定条件的担保人,或者按每日行政拘留二百元的标准交纳保证金,行政拘留的处罚决定暂缓执行。
Article 107 Where a person penalized who refuses to accept the decision on a penalty of administrative detention applies for administrative reconsideration or bring an administrative suit, he may apply to the public security organ for a deferred enforcement of the administrative detention If the public security organ believes that such deferment will not create danger to the society, and after the person penalized or his close relative proposes a guarantor who conforms to the conditions provided for in
Article 108 of this Law, or after the bail is paid at the rate of 200 yuan per day for the administrative detention, the decision on the penalty of administrative detention shall be deferred from enforcement.
第一百零八条 担保人应当符合下列条件:
Article 108 A guarantor shall meet the following conditions:
(一)与本案无牵连;
(1) being not involved in the case concerned;
(二)享有政治权利,人身自由未受到限制;
(2) enjoying political rights, and his freedom of person being not restricted;
(三)在当地有常住户口和固定住所;
(3) having a permanent registered residence and a permanent dwelling locally; and
(四)有能力履行担保义务。
(4) having the ability to perform the obligations of a guarantor.
第一百零九条 担保人应当保证被担保人不逃避行政拘留处罚的执行。
Article 109 A guarantor shall guarantee that the person guaranteed will not escape from the enforcement of the penalty of administrative detention.
担保人不履行担保义务,致使被担保人逃避行政拘留处罚的执行的,由公安机关对其处三千元以下罚款。
Where the guarantor fails to perform his obligations, so that the person guaranteed escapes from the enforcement of the penalty of administrative detention, the public security organ shall impose on him a fine of not more than 3,000 yuan.
第一百一十条 被决定给予行政拘留处罚的人交纳保证金,暂缓行政拘留后,逃避行政拘留处罚的执行的,保证金予以没收并上缴国库,已经作出的行政拘留决定仍应执行。
Article 110 Where a person on whom the penalty of administrative detention is imposed upon decision escapes from the enforcement of the penalty after payment of the bail for deferred execution of the administrative detention, the bail shall be confiscated and handed over to the State Treasury, and the decision already made on the penalty of administrative detention shall be executed all the same.
第一百一十一条 行政拘留的处罚决定被撤销,或者行政拘留处罚开始执行的,公安机关收取的保证金应当及时退还交纳人。
Article 111 Where the decision on penalty of administrative detention is withdrawn, or the penalty of administrative detention begins to be executed, the bail collected by the public security organ shall be returned to the payer without delay.

第五章 执法监督
Chapter V Law Enforcement Supervision
第一百一十二条 公安机关及其人民警察应当依法、公正、严格、高效办理治安案件,文明执法,不得徇私舞弊。
Article 112 Public security organs and the people’s police shall handle cases of public security according to law and in an impartial, strict and highly efficient manner, and enforce laws with civility, and they shall not engage in malpractices for private gain.
第一百一十三条 公安机关及其人民警察办理治安案件,禁止对违反治安管理行为人打骂、虐待或者侮辱。
Article 113 In handling cases of public security, public security organs and the people’s police are forbidden to beat, abuse, mistreat or humiliate the persons who commit acts against the administration of public security.
第一百一十四条 公安机关及其人民警察办理治安案件,应当自觉接受社会和公民的监督。
Article 114 In handling cases of public security, public security organs and the people’s police shall voluntarily accept supervision by the society and citizens.
公安机关及其人民警察办理治安案件,不严格执法或者有违法违纪行为的,任何单位和个人都有权向公安机关或者人民检察院、行政监察机关检举、控告;收到检举、控告的机关,应当依据职责及时处理, 。
Where a public security organ and people’s policeman fa, ils to strictly enforce laws in handling cases of public security or commits an act in violation of laws or discipline, any unit or individual shall have the right to report to or lodge an accusation before a public security organ or the people’s procuratorate or an administrative supervisory organ; and the organ that receives such report or accusation shall, without delay, handle it in compliance with its duties.
第一百一十五条 公安机关依法实施罚款处罚,应当依照有关法律、行政法规的规定,实行罚款决定与罚款收缴分离;收缴的罚款应当全部上缴国库。
Article 115 When executing the penalty of a fine according to law, the public security organ shall, in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations, separate the decision�making on fines from the collection of fines; and all the fines collected shall be handed over to the State Treasury.
第一百一十六条 人民警察办理治安案件,有下列行为之一的,依法给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任:
Article 116 If when handling cases of public security, a people’s policeman commits one of the following acts, he shall be given an administrative sanction according to law; and if a crime is constituted, he shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law:
(一)刑讯逼供、体罚、虐待、侮辱他人的;
(1) extorting a confession by torture, or physically punishing, maltreating or humiliating another person;
(二)超过询问查证的时间限制人身自由的;
(2) exceeding the period of time set for interrogation, investigation and verification, thus restricting the freedom of person;
(三)不执行罚款决定与罚款收缴分离制度或者不按规定将罚没的财物上缴国库或者依法处理的;
(3) failing to carry out the system of separating the decision on fines from the collection of fines or failing to hand the fines collected or the property confiscated over to the State Treasury in accordance with the provisions or failing to dispose of such property according to law;
(四)私分、侵占、挪用、故意损毁收缴、扣押的财物的;
(4) privately dividing, seizing, misappropriating or intentionally damaging the money or things of value collected or distrained;
(五)违反规定使用或者不及时返还被侵害人财物的;
(5) in violation of regulations, using or failing to return the property or things of value to the victim;
(六)违反规定不及时退还保证金的;
(6) in violation of the provisions, failing to return the bails in a timely manner;
(七)利用职务上的便利收受他人财物或者谋取其他利益的;
(7) taking the advantage of the position to accept or receive the property or things of value from another person or seek other benefits;
(八)当场收缴罚款不出具罚款收据或者不如实填写罚款数额的;
(8) failing to produce a voucher for a fine collected on the spot or failing to truthfully fill out the amount of a fine;
(九)接到要求制止违反治安管理行为的报警后,不及时出警的;
(9) failing to dispatch the police to the scene as soon as receiving a request for stopping an act against the administration of public security;
(十)在查处违反治安管理活动时,为违法犯罪行为人通风报信的;
(10) sending secret messages to a person who violates the law or commits a crime, when investigating and handling activities against the administration of public security; or
(十一)有徇私舞弊、滥用职权,不依法履行法定职责的其他情形的。
(11) other acts involving engagement in malpractices for personal gain, abuse of power or failure to perform the statutory duties according to law.
办理治安案件的公安机关有前款所列行为的,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员给予相应的行政处分。
Where in handling cases of public security, a public security organ commits one of the acts mentioned in the preceding paragraph, the persons directly in charge and the other persons directly responsible shall be given appropriate administrative sanctions.
第一百一十七条 公安机关及其人民警察违法行使职权,侵犯公民、法人和其他组织合法权益的,应当赔礼道歉;造成损害的,应当依法承担赔偿责任。
Article 117 Where public security organs and the people’s police unlawfully exercise their functions and powers and infringe upon the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons or other organizations, they shall make apologies; and where damages are caused, they shall bear the responsibility for compensation according to law.
第六章 附 则
Chapter VI Supplementary Provisions
第一百一十八条 本法所称以上、以下、以内,包括本数。
Article 118 The figures used following the terms of “not less than”, “not more than” or “within” in this Law include these figures themselves.
第一百一十九条 本法自2006年3月1日起施行。1986年9月5日公布、1994年5月12日修订公布的《中华人民共和国治安管理处罚条例》同时废止。
Article 119 This Law shall go into effect as of March 1, 2006 The Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Administrative Penalties for Public Security promulgated on September 5, 1986, and revised and promulgated on May 12, 1994 shall be nullified at the same time.


3. 中华人民共和国境内外国人宗教活动管理规定实施细则
3. RULES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS ON THE ADMINISTRATION OF RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES OF ALIENS WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA
【颁布单位】国家宗教事务局
Department: State Administration for Religious Affairs
【颁布日期】20000927
Promulgation date: 09-27-2000
【实施日期】20000927
Effective date: 09-27-2000

第一条 根据《中华人民共和国境内外国人宗教活动管理规定》,制定本实施细则。
Article 1 These Rules are formulated in accordance with the Provisions on the Administration of Religious Activities of Aliens within the Territory of the People’s Republic of China.
第二条 中华人民共和国境内外国人(以下简称“境内外国人”)是指依照《中华人民共和国国籍法》的规定,在中国境内不具有中国国籍的人,包括在华常住人员和短期来华人员。
Article 2 Aliens within the territory of the People’s Republic of China are referred to as those who are within Chinese territory without Chinese nationalities pursuant to the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China, including the long-term residing China personnel and the short-term visiting China personnel.
第三条 境内外国人宗教活动是指外国人在中国境内按照各自的宗教信仰习惯举行和参与的各种宗教仪式,与中国宗教社会团体、宗教活动场所和宗教教职人员所发生的宗教事务方面的联系,及其有关的各种活动。
Article 3 Religious activities of aliens within Chinese territory are referred to as the religious ceremonies that aliens conduct or participate according to their own religious belief customs, the contacts with Chinese religious bodies, sites for religious activities and religious personnel in respect of religion, and other relevant activities.
第四条 中华人民共和国尊重在中国境内的外国人的宗教信仰自由,依法保护和管理境内外国人的宗教活动。
Article 4 The People’s Republic of China respects the freedom of religious belief of aliens within Chinese territory, and protects and administrates the religious activities of aliens within Chinese territory in accordance with law.
中华人民共和国依法保护境内外国人在宗教方面同中国宗教界进行的友好往来和文化学术交流活动。
The People’s Republic of China protects friendly contacts and cultural and academic exchanges of aliens within Chinese territory with Chinese religious circles in respect of religion in accordance with law.
第五条 外国人在中国境内可以根据自己的宗教信仰在依法登记的寺院、宫观、清真寺、教堂参加宗教活动。
Article 5 Aliens may participate in religious activities at lawfully registered Buddhist monasteries, Taoist temples, mosques, churches within Chinese territory according to their own religious belief.
第六条 以宗教教职人员身份来访的外国人,经省、自治区、直辖市以上宗教社会团体邀请,可以在依法登记的宗教活动场所讲经、讲道。
Article 6 At the invitation of Chinese religious bodies at or above the level of province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government, aliens visiting China as religious personnel may preach and expound the scripture at lawfully registered sites for religious activities.
以其他身份入境的外国宗教教职人员,经省、自治区、直辖市以上宗教社会团体邀请,并经省级以上人民政府宗教事务部门同意,可以在依法登记的宗教活动场所讲经、讲道。
At the invitation of Chinese religious bodies at or above the level of province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government, and after the approval by the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments at or above the provincial level, aliens entering China as other status may preach and expound the scripture at lawfully registered sites for religious activities.
应邀在依法登记的宗教活动场所讲经、讲道的外国宗教教职人员,应该遵守该场所的管理规章,尊重该场所人员的信仰习惯。
Foreign religious personnel who are invited to preach and expound the scripture at the lawfully registered sites for religious activities shall abide by the administrative rules of these sites and respect the belief customs of the personnel of these sites.
第七条 境内外国人集体进行宗教活动要在由县级以上人民政府宗教事务部门认可的经依法登记的寺院、宫观、清真寺、教堂,或在由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府宗教事务部门指定的临时地点举行。
Article 7 The collective religious activities of aliens within Chinese territory shall be conducted at the Buddhist monasteries, Taoist temples, churches recognized by the departments of religious affairs of the people’s government at or above the county level, or at the temporary sites appointed by the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments of province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government.
境内外国人在临时地点集体进行宗教活动时,应由县级以上人民政府宗教事务部门负责管理。
Where aliens within Chinese territory collectively conduct religious activities at temporary sites, they shall be administrated by the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments at or above the county level.
第八条 外国人同中国宗教界的友好往来和文化学术交流活动、应通过省、自治区、直辖市以上宗教社会团体进行。
Article 8 The friendly contacts and cultural and academic exchanges of aliens with Chinese religious circles shall be conducted via Chinese religious bodies at or above the level of province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government.
第九条 凡在中国境内没有相应的合法的中国宗教组织的外国宗教组织及其成员,以宗教组织或宗教教职人员身份与中国政府有关部门或宗教界进行交往活动的,须经省级政府宗教事务部门同意后,报国家宗教事务局批准。
Article 9 Foreign religious organizations that have no corresponding legitimate religious organizations within Chinese territory and their members must get the consent from the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments at provincial level and the approval from the State Administration for Religious Affairs before conducting contacts in the name of these organizations or as religious personnel with relevant departments of Chinese government or Chinese religious circles.
第十条 经中国的宗教社会团体同意,境内外国人可以邀请中国宗教教职人员按各教习惯为其举行洗礼、婚礼、葬礼和道场、法会等宗教仪式。其中,举行婚礼的外国人必须是已经依法缔结婚姻关系的男女双方。
Article 10 Following consent by Chinese religious bodies, aliens within Chinese territory may invite Chinese religious personnel to conduct such religious ceremonies as baptism, wedding, funeral, Taoist or Buddhist rites according to each religious customs. Among these ceremonies, the aliens conducting wedding must be the male and female who have already set up marriage relationship in accordance with law.
中国宗教教职人员是指由依法登记的宗教社会团体认定、备案的各种宗教教职人员。
The Chinese religious personnel are referred to those who have been recognized and recorded by lawfully registered religious bodies.
第十一条 经有关全国性宗教社会团体或省、自治区、直辖市有关宗教社会团体同意,并经当地省级以上人民政府宗教事务部门批准认可,外国人可以根据有关宗教文化学术交流的项目或协议,携带用于宗教文化学术交流的宗教用品入境。
Article 11 Consented by national religious bodies or relevant religious bodies at the level of province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government, and approved by the departments of religious affairs of the local people’s governments at or above the provincial level, aliens entering Chinese territory may carry religious articles used in religious cultural and academic exchanges in accordance with relevant programs and agreements of religious cultural and academic exchanges.
符合上款规定和海关有关规定的宗教用品入境,海关凭省、自治区、直辖市人民政府宗教事务部门或国家宗教事务局的证明予以放行。
Where the religious articles conform to the stipulations of the previous paragraph and the relevant provisions of the Chinese customs, they shall be passed by the customs based on the certificates issued by the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments of province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government or the State Administration for Religious Affairs.
第十二条 下列宗教印刷品、宗教音像制品和其他宗教用品不得进境:
Article 12 It is prohibited to bring the following religious printed matters, religious audio-visual products and other articles into Chinese territory:
(一)超出个人自用合理数量,且不属于第十一条规定范围的;
(1) if the amount exceeds that for personal rational use, and they do not belong to the category stipulated in Article 11;
(二)有危害中国国家安全和社会公共利益内容的。
(2) if the contents of these articles are detrimental to Chinese national security and public interests of Chinese society.
发现有违反上款规定的宗教印刷品、宗教音像制品和其他宗教用品,由海关依法进行处理。
Where the religious printed matters, religious audio-visual products and other religious articles are found to be those mentioned in previous paragraph, the case shall be dealt with by the customs in accordance with law.
违反第一款规定已经携带入境或通过其他手段运入境内的宗教印刷品、宗教音像制品和其他宗教用品,一经发现,由县级以上人民政府宗教事务部门或其他有关部门依法进行处理。
Where the religious printed matters, religious audio-visual products and other religious articles which violate the stipulations of the first paragraph have been brought into Chinese territory or transported into Chinese territory by other means, once being found, they shall be dealt with by the departments of religious affairs or other related departments of the people’s governments at or above the county level in accordance with law.
第十三条 外国组织或个人向中国提供的以培养宗教教职人员为目的的出国留学人员名额或资金,由中国全国性宗教社会团体根据需要接受并统筹选派出国留学人员。
Article 13 The enrollment to study abroad or capital provided to China by foreign organizations or individuals for the purpose of training religious personnel shall be accepted by Chinese national religious bodies on the basis of need, and the study abroad personnel shall be selected and dispatched by Chinese national religious bodies as a whole plan.
外国组织或个人不得在中国境内擅自招收以培养宗教教职人员为目的的出国留学人员。
Foreign organizations or individuals may not recruit students within Chinese territory for their study and training abroad as religious personnel without permission.
第十四条 外国人到中国宗教院校留学,须符合《高等学校接受外国留学生管理规定》的有关规定,并经全国性宗教社会团体批准、向国家宗教事务局备案。
Article 14 Aliens who intend to come to China for studying at Chinese religious institutions must conform to the stipulations set by the Provisions on the Administration of Accepting International students by Chinese Institutions of Higher Learning, get approval from Chinese national religious bodies, and keep records at the State Administration for Religious Affairs.
第十五条 外国人到中国宗教院校讲学,须根据《宗教院校聘用外籍专业人员办法》的规定办理。
Article 15 Aliens who intend to come to China for teaching at Chinese religious institutions must be subject to the Methods of Engaging Foreign Professionals by Religious Institutions.
第十六条 外国人在中国境内进行宗教活动,应当遵守中国的法律、法规。
Article 16 Aliens who conduct religious activities within Chinese territory shall abide by Chinese laws and regulations.
外国人不得干涉中国宗教社会团体、宗教活动场所的设立和变更,不得干涉中国宗教社会团体对宗教教职人员的选任和变更,不得干涉和支配中国宗教社会团体的其他内部事务。
Aliens may not intervene in the establishment and change of Chinese religious bodies or sites for religious activities, the selecting, appointing and changing of religious personnel by Chinese religious bodies, nor may they intervene in or manipulate other internal affairs of Chinese religious bodies.
外国人在中国境内不得以任何名义或形式成立宗教组织、设立宗教办事机构、设立宗教活动场所或者开办宗教院校、举办宗教培训班。
Within Chinese territory, aliens may not establish religious organizations, institute religious offices, set up sites for religious activities, run religious institutions or hold religious classes in any names or forms.
第十七条 外国人不得在中国境内进行下列传教活动:
Article 17 Aliens may not engage in the following missionary activities within Chinese territory:
(一)在中国公民中委任宗教教职人员;
(1) appointing religious personnel among Chinese citizens;
(二)在中国公民中发展宗教教徒;
(2) developing religious followers among Chinese citizens;
(三)擅自在宗教活动场所讲经、讲道;
(3) preaching and expounding the scripture at the sites for religious activities without permission;
(四)未经批准在依法登记的宗教活动场所以外的处所讲经、讲道,进行宗教聚会活动;
(4) preaching and expounding the scripture or conducting religious gathering activities at the places outside the lawfully registered sites for religious activities;
(五)在宗教活动临时地点举行有中国公民参加的宗教活动,被邀请主持宗教活动的中国宗教教职人员除外;
(5) conducting religious activities with Chinese citizens at temporary sites for religious activities, except that the Chinese religious personnel are invited to preside the religious activities;
(六)制作或销售宗教书刊、宗教音像制品、宗教电子出版物等宗教用品;
(6) producing or selling religious books and journals, religious audio-visual products, religious electronic goods or other religious articles;
(七)散发宗教宣传品;
(7) distributing religious propaganda materials;
(八)其他形式的传教活动。
(8) other missionary activities.
第十八条 国际性宗教组织、机构及其成员与中国宗教社会团体、宗教活动场所和宗教教职人员发生宗教事务方面的联系,及其有关活动,须事先向省级以上人民政府宗教事务部门提出申请,经同意后方可进行。
Article 18 Where the international religious organizations, offices and their members intend to contact or conduct other related activities with Chinese religious bodies, sites for religious affairs and religious personnel, they shall make applications to the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments at or above the provincial level in advance. The contact or other related activities may be conducted only after approval by the departments of religious affairs of the people’s governments at or above the provincial level.
第十九条 境内外国人违反本细则进行宗教活动的,由县级以上人民政府宗教事务部门和其他有关部门依法予以制止。
Article 19 Where aliens within Chinese territory conduct religious activities that violate these Rules, the departments of religious affairs and other related departments of the people’s governments at or above the county level shall stop them in accordance with law.
境内外国人违反本细则进行宗教活动,构成违反《中华人民共和国外国人入境出境管理法》、《中华人民共和国治安管理处罚条例》等法律法规的,由公安机关依法予以处理;构成犯罪的,由司法机关依法追究刑事责任。
Where religious activities conducted by aliens within Chinese territory violate these Rules as well as the Law of the Control on the Entry and Exit of Aliens of the People’s Republic of China and the Regulations on Administrative Penalties for Public Security, the aliens shall be dealt with by the public organs in accordance with law; where a crime is constituted, the aliens shall be investigated for their criminal liability by the judicial organs in accordance with law.
第二十条 外国组织在中华人民共和国境内的宗教活动适用本细则。
Article 20 These Rules are applicable to the religious activities conducted by foreign organizations within Chinese territory.
第二十一条 本细则由国家宗教事务局负责解释。
Article 21 The State Administration for Religious Affairs shall be responsible for the interpretation of these Rules.
第二十二条 本细则自发布之日起施行。
Article 22 These Rules shall enter into force as of the date of promulgation.





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